68Ga-DOTATATE PET imaging in clinically non-functioning pituitary macroadenomas

Tessel M. Boertien*, Jan Booij, Charles B. L. M. Majoie, Madeleine L. Drent, Alberto M. Pereira, Nienke R. Biermasz, Suat Simsek, Ronald Groote Veldman, Marcel P. M. Stokkel, Peter H. Bisschop, Eric Fliers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: Clinically non-functioning pituitary macroadenomas (NFMA) have been reported to express somatostatin receptors (SSTR), but results are inconsistent across different studies. This may be related to limited sensitivity and specificity of techniques used to date, i.e. immunohistochemistry in surgical specimens and 111In-DTPA-octreotide scintigraphy in vivo. The aim of this study was to assess SSTR expression in NFMA in vivo using 68Ga-DOTATATE PET, which offers superior sensitivity and spatial resolution as compared with planar scintigraphy or SPECT. Methods: Thirty-seven patients diagnosed with NFMA underwent 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT of the head in the framework of a randomised controlled trial assessing the effect of the somatostatin analogue lanreotide on NFMA size. Individual co-registered T1-weighted pituitary MRIs were used to assess 68Ga-DOTATATE uptake (SUVmean) in the adenoma. An SUVmean of > 2 was considered positive. Results: 68Ga-DOTATATE uptake was positive in 34/37 patients (92%), with SUVmean of positive adenomas ranging from 2.1 to 12.4 (mean ± SD 5.8 ± 2.6). Conclusions: This is the first report of 68Ga-DOTATATE PET performed in NFMA patients, demonstrating in vivo SSTR expression in the vast majority of cases. The high positivity rate when compared with results obtained with 111In-DTPA-octreotide scintigraphy probably reflects the superior sensitivity of PET imaging. Trial registration: Netherlands Trial Register, NL5136, registered on 18 August 2015; EudraCT, 2015-001234-22, registered on 10 March 2015, https://eudract.ema.europa.eu/
Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Journaleuropean journal of hybrid imaging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

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