Background: In view of the many white or predominantly white lesions of the oral mucosa it is a challenge for dentists to clinically identify a leukoplakia, being a potentially (pre)malignant lesion. Material and Methods: Based on the available literature and experience of the authors the parameters of a clinical diagnosis of oral leukoplakia have been studied. Results: A guide has been presented that should help dentists to establish a clinical diagnosis of leukoplakia as accurate as possible. Conclusions: Probably in most parts of the world dentists will need the help of a specialist for confirmation or exclusion of the clinical diagnosis of oral leukoplakia and for further management of the patient, including patient information.
Carrard, V. C., & van der Waal, I. (2018). A clinical diagnosis of oral leukoplakia; A guide for dentists. Medicina oral patologia oral y cirugia bucal, 23(1), e59-e64. https://doi.org/10.4317/medoral.22292