A common antigenic motif recognized by naturally occurring human V H 5-51/V L 4-1 anti-tau antibodies with distinct functionalities

Adrian Apetri, Rosa Crespo, Jarek Juraszek, Gabriel Pascual, Roosmarijn Janson, Xueyong Zhu, Heng Zhang, Elissa Keogh, Trevin Holland, Jay Wadia, Hanneke Verveen, Berdien Siregar, Michael Mrosek, Renske Taggenbrock, Jeroenvan Ameijde, Hanna Inganäs, Margot van Winsen, Martin H. Koldijk, David Zuijdgeest, Marianne BorgersKoen Dockx, Esther J. M. Stoop, Wenli Yu, Els C. Brinkman-van der Linden, Kimberley Ummenthum, Kristof van Kolen, Marc Mercken, Stefan Steinbacher, Donata de Marco, Jeroen J. Hoozemans, Ian A. Wilson, Wouter Koudstaal, Jaap Goudsmit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Misfolding and aggregation of tau protein are closely associated with the onset and progression of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). By interrogating IgG + memory B cells from asymptomatic donors with tau peptides, we have identified two somatically mutated V H 5-51/V L 4-1 antibodies. One of these, CBTAU-27.1, binds to the aggregation motif in the R3 repeat domain and blocks the aggregation of tau into paired helical filaments (PHFs) by sequestering monomeric tau. The other, CBTAU-28.1, binds to the N-terminal insert region and inhibits the spreading of tau seeds and mediates the uptake of tau aggregates into microglia by binding PHFs. Crystal structures revealed that the combination of V H 5-51 and V L 4-1 recognizes a common Pro-X n -Lys motif driven by germline-encoded hotspot interactions while the specificity and thereby functionality of the antibodies are defined by the CDR3 regions. Affinity improvement led to improvement in functionality, identifying their epitopes as new targets for therapy and prevention of AD.
Original languageEnglish
Article number43
Pages (from-to)43
JournalActa Neuropathologica Communinications
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this