A comparison in cosmetic outcome between per-operative interstitial breast implants and delayed interstitial breast implants after external beam radiotherapy

Bradley R. Pieters, Augustinus A. M. Hart, Nicola S. Russell, Edwin P. M. Jansen, Johannes L. Peterse, Jacques Borger, Emiel J. Th. Rutgers

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Background and purpose: Interstitial implants for brachytherapy boost in the breast conserving therapy of breast cancer can be performed in two ways; implants during the tumor excision (per-operative implants) or after the external beam therapy (delayed interstitial implants). Differences in cosmetic outcome were investigated. Patients and methods: Cosmetic results in 47 patients having a per-operative implant were compared to 123 patients having a delayed interstitial implant in a matched case-control study. Cosmesis was scored on a four-point-scale varying from 0 (excellent) to 3 (poor). Results: After mean follow-up of 63 months, three observers found no difference in cosmetic outcome between the two groups after adjustment for variables found to be related with cosmesis (difference in mean score 0.50, P=0.26). Implant volume at 100% isodose was not found to differ (P=0.084) between the per-operative group (mean 102 cm3, S.D. 34 cm3) and the delayed group (mean 93 cm3, S.D. 29 cm3). Conclusions: Performing per-operative implants has not led to smaller implants. The method of performing brachytherapy does not result in marked differences in cosmetic outcome. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-164
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

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