Thirty short and slowly growing children with normal plasma growth hormone (GH) responses to standard provocation tests were randomly assigned to either a group (n = 20) undergoing treatment with methionyl GH (somatrem), 2 IU per m2 body surface s.c. daily, or a control group (n = 10). Twelve out of 18 children who completed the first year of treatment showed a height velocity increment of more than 2 cm/year. The mean (SD) growth velocity of the treatment group increased by 3.0 (1.9) cm/year over the first year, compared with -0.2 (0.7) cm/year in the control group. Neither parameters of endogenous GH secretion nor plasma IGF-I levels showed a significant correlation with the growth response. Of the auxological variables studied, pre-treatment growth velocity (r = -0.8) and the short-term height velocity increment (r = 0.7-0.9) showed significant correlations with the growth response in the first year of treatment. Somatrem therapy was without side effects, except in one child who developed anti-GH antibodies in combination with a poor growth response.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1989|