Background Multimodal MRI-based classification may aid early frontotemporal dementia (FTD) diagnosis. Recently, presymptomatic FTD mutation carriers, who have a high risk of developing FTD, were separated beyond chance level from controls using MRI-based classification. However, it is currently unknown how these scores from classification models progress as mutation carriers approach symptom onset. In this longitudinal study, we investigated multimodal MRI-based classification scores between presymptomatic FTD mutation carriers and controls. Furthermore, we contrasted carriers that converted during follow-up (â € converters') and non-converting carriers (â € non-converters'). Methods We acquired anatomical MRI, diffusion tensor imaging and resting-state functional MRI in 55 presymptomatic FTD mutation carriers and 48 healthy controls at baseline, and at 2, 4, and 6 years of follow-up as available. At each time point, FTD classification scores were calculated using a behavioural variant FTD classification model. Classification scores were tested in a mixed-effects model for mean differences and differences over time. Results Presymptomatic mutation carriers did not have higher classification score increase over time than controls (p=0.15), although carriers had higher FTD classification scores than controls on average (p=0.032). However, converters (n=6) showed a stronger classification score increase over time than non-converters (p<0.001). Conclusions Our findings imply that presymptomatic FTD mutation carriers may remain similar to controls in terms of MRI-based classification scores until they are close to symptom onset. This proof-of-concept study shows the promise of longitudinal MRI data acquisition in combination with machine learning to contribute to early FTD diagnosis.