We report on a female patient with severe mental retardation, dysmorphic features, deafness, spasticity, and behavioural problems in whom a 2.3 Mb duplication of 12q24.21q24.23 was detected by genome-wide tiling-path resolution array-based comparative genomic hybridization. Mental retardation, microcephaly, short stature, recurrent infections, hypotonia and facial features, such as hypertelorism, epicanthal folds, and a broad nasal bridge, were also described in patients with larger duplications overlapping the 12q24.21q24.23 region. The duplicated region contains 16 genes, of which several genes, such as thyroid hormone receptor associated protein 2, replication factor C5 and nitric oxide synthase 1, are expressed in the brain and/or are involved in embryogenesis. The current case shows that microduplications might be a more frequent cause of mental retardation and human malformation than previously appreciated.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2006|