A Prospective Case Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Lysine-Restricted Diet and Arginine Supplementation Therapy in a Patient With Pyridoxine-Dependent Epilepsy Caused by Mutations in ALDH7A1

Muhammad Mahajnah, Dawn Corderio, Valerie Austin, Sarah Herd, Carly Mutch, Melissa Carter, Eduard Struys, Saadet Mercimek-Mahmutoglu

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Background Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy (PDE) is caused by mutations in ALDH7A1 (PDE- ALDH7A1), which encodes α-aminoadipic semialdehyde dehydrogenase in the lysine catabolic pathway, resulting in accumulation of α-aminoadipic-acid-semialdehyde. Patient Description and Results We present a three-year treatment outcome of a child with PDE- ALDH7A1 on pyridoxine (started at age three weeks of age), lysine-restricted diet (started at age seven months), and arginine supplementation therapy (started at age 26 months). He had a markedly elevated urinary α-aminoadipic-acid-semialdehyde (39.6 mmol/mol of creatinine; reference range = 0 to 2) and compound heterozygous mutations in ALDH7A1 (c.446C>A and c.919C>T). He has been seizure free since the age three weeks. He achieved normal cognitive function at age 3.5 years. He exhibited gross motor delay after the age 13 months. Tryptophan supplementation was added for the mild cerebral serotonin deficiency at the thirteenth month of therapy. Arginine supplementation was added to achieve further decrease in the cerebrospinal fluid α-aminoadipic-acid-semialdehyde levels at the 26th month of therapy. His cerebrospinal fluid α-aminoadipic-acid-semialdehyde levels were markedly decreased on this combined therapy. Conclusions This treatment was well tolerated. Mild cerebral serotonin deficiency was the only biochemical effect with no clinical features. Despite excellent compliance and strict treatment regimen, cerebrospinal fluid α-aminoadipic-acid-semialdehyde levels did not normalize.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-65
JournalPediatric Neurology
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

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