We investigated the contribution of epigenetic mechanisms in MHC2TA transcriptional silencing in uveal melanoma. Although no correlation was observed between impaired CIITA transcript levels after IFN-γ induction and DNA methylation of MHC2TA promoter IV (CIITA-PIV), an association was found with high levels of trimethylated histone H3-lysine 27 (3Me-K27-H3) in CIITA-PIV chromatin. The 3Me-K27-H3 modification correlated with a strong reduction in RNA polymerase II-recruitment to CIITA-PIV. Interestingly, we observed that none of these epigenetic modifications affected recruitment of activating transcription factors to this promoter. Subsequently, we demonstrated the presence of the histone methyltransferase EZH2 in CIITA-PIV chromatin, which is known to be a component of the Polycomb repressive complex 2 and able to triple methylate histone H3-lysine 27. RNA interference-mediated down-regulation of EZH2 expression resulted in an increase in CIITA transcript levels after IFN-γ induction. Our data therefore reveal that EZH2 contributes to silencing of IFN-γ-inducible transcription of MHC2TA in uveal melanoma cells.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Oct 2007|