Accelerating research on biological aging and mental health: Current challenges and future directions

Laura K.M. Han, Josine E. Verhoeven, Audrey R. Tyrka, Brenda W.J.H. Penninx, Owen M. Wolkowitz, Kristoffer N.T. Månsson, Daniel Lindqvist, Marco P. Boks, Dóra Révész, Synthia H. Mellon, Martin Picard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Aging is associated with complex biological changes that can be accelerated, slowed, or even temporarily reversed by biological and non-biological factors. This article focuses on the link between biological aging, psychological stressors, and mental illness. Rather than comprehensively reviewing this rapidly expanding field, we highlight challenges in this area of research and propose potential strategies to accelerate progress in this field. This effort requires the interaction of scientists across disciplines - including biology, psychiatry, psychology, and epidemiology; and across levels of analysis that emphasize different outcome measures - functional capacity, physiological, cellular, and molecular. Dialogues across disciplines and levels of analysis naturally lead to new opportunities for discovery but also to stimulating challenges. Some important challenges consist of 1)establishing the best objective and predictive biological age indicators or combinations of indicators, 2)identifying the basis for inter-individual differences in the rate of biological aging, and 3)examining to what extent interventions can delay, halt or temporarily reverse aging trajectories. Discovering how psychological states influence biological aging, and vice versa, has the potential to create novel and exciting opportunities for healthcare and possibly yield insights into the fundamental mechanisms that drive human aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-311
Number of pages19
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume106
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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