Accurate eGFR reporting for children without anthropometric data

Emil den Bakker*, Reinoud Gemke, Joanna A.E. van Wijk, Isabelle Hubeek, Birgit Stoffel-Wagner, Anders Grubb, Arend Bökenkamp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Reporting estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) instead of serum concentrations is advised in current guidelines. Most creatinine-based eGFR equations for children require height, a parameter not readily available to laboratories. Combining height-dependent creatinine- and cystatin C-based eGFR improves performance. Recently, a height-independent creatinine-based eGFR equation has been developed. Aim To compare the combination of height-independent creatinine- and cystatin C-based equations with a combination of equations using anthropometric data. Methods Retrospective analysis of 408 pediatric inulin clearance studies with simultaneous height, creatinine, cystatin C and urea measurements. eGFR calculation using the recalibrated Schwartzcrea (height-dependent), FASage (height-independent) and the Schwartzcys equation. The means (Schwartzcrea + Schwartzcys) / 2 and (FASage + Schwartzcys) / 2 were compared with the CKiD3 equation incorporating cystatin C, creatinine, urea, height and gender in terms of %prediction error and accuracy. Results All three single parameter equations performed similarly (P30 accuracy around 80%). (FASage + Schwartzcys) / 2 (P30 89.2%) and (Schwartzcrea + Schwartzcys) / 2 (P30 89.0%), performed comparably to CKiD3 (P30 90.0%). If the difference between the creatinine- and the cystatine C based eGFR was < 40%, P30 accuracy of the mean exceeded 90%. Conclusion Combining the height-independent FASage and SchwartzCys equations substantially improves accuracy and performs comparably to height-dependent equations. This allows laboratories to directly report eGFR in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume474
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Cite this