Activation, function and content of platelets in burn patients

Roos E. Marck*, Ivo van der Bijl, Herbert Korsten, Jos Lorinser, Dirk de Korte, Esther Middelkoop

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Burn injury has severe impact on the physiologic homeostasis. Platelet counts show a distinct course post-burn injury, with a nadir at day 3 followed by a thrombocytotic period with at peak at day 15, with a gradual return to normal. So far, it is unknown how the functionality and activational status of platelets develop post burn. In this study, we investigated if the function, activation and growth factor content of platelets of burn patients are affected and how this evolves in time. Six burn patients with over 15% total burned surface area were followed during 1 month. Standard hematological and coagulation analyses, thromboelastography (TEG), platelet-function analyzer-100 (PFA), several platelet activation parameters (CD62P-CD63, AnnexinV) and growth factors (TGFb1, VEGF, PDGF-AB/BB, EGF, TGFb2, FGF-2, PDGF-AA) analyses were performed. TEG analyses showed procoagulant changes. PFA-100 analyses were nearly all within normal range. CD62P and CD63 and Annexin-V indicated no clear activation of platelets. Growth factor content followed the same course as the platelet count, reflecting a constant growth factor per platelet ratio. Concluding, platelets post burn-injury appears to be functional and not overly activated. However, burn patients seem to remain in a procoagulant state for an extensive period, which may impact their pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-402
Number of pages7
JournalPlatelets
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2019

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