In orthopaedic surgery, perioperative administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has been shown to reduce postoperative pain and analgesic consumption. In addition, preoperative administration of ibuprofen has proved to reduce interleukin-6 (IL-6) release, while that of ranitidine reduced postoperative IL-6-induced C-reactive protein synthesis in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. However, it has not been established whether the preoperative administration of both types of drugs may reduced the postoperative inflammatory reaction after instrumented spinal surgery. Accordingly, our objective was to investigate the effects of preoperative treatment with naproxen plus famotidine on the postoperative systemic inflammatory reaction in patients undergoing instrumented lumbar spinal surgery. Forty consecutive patients scheduled for elective instrumented spinal fusion were alternately assigned to receive either naproxen (500 mg/day, p.o.) plus famotidine (40 mg/day, p.o.) for 7 days before operation, or no adjuvant treatment. Haematological parameters, acute phase proteins, complement fractions, immunoglobulins and cytokines were determined 7 days and immediately before surgery, and on days 0, 1, 2 and 7 after surgery. Haematological parameters, clinical data, duration of surgery, blood loss, perioperative blood transfusion and postoperative complications were similar in the two groups, although pretreated patients showed lower increases in body temperature and required less analgesic medication. Compared with preoperative levels, IL-6 levels were significantly increased postoperatively in all patients with no differences between groups. C-reactive protein, α1-acid-glycoprotein and haptoglobin levels were also significantly increased postoperatively in all patients; however, they were significantly lower in pretreated patients. In conclusion, perioperative treatment with naproxen plus famotidine was well tolerated and reduced the acute phase response after instrumented spinal surgery. However, further research is needed to determine the best dose and timing of preoperative treatment administration, and to correlate these changes with long-term clinical results.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||European Spine Journal|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2004|