Objective: Surgical mandibular advancement influences the biomechanics of the mandible and as a result may provoke relapse. In this study, the adaptation of the masseter (MAS) and medial pterygoid muscles (MPM) after surgical mandibular advancement was evaluated. Study design: Of 12 patients with mandibular retrognathia and varying vertical craniofacial morphology, axial and 30° angulated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan series were taken preoperatively and 10 to 48 months postoperatively. Using cluster analysis, subjects were assigned to a long-face (LF) and a short-face (SF) cluster. Subsequently, preoperative and postoperative maximum cross-sectional areas and volumes of the MAS and MPM were compared in these groups. Results: The cross-sectional area and volume of the MAS decreased significantly in both the SF and LF cluster (up to 18%). Although not significantly, this phenomenon tended to be more pronounced in LF patients. The cross-sectional area of the MPM showed less adaptation. Conclusion: The jaw-closing muscles become significantly smaller after surgical mandibular advancement, irrespective of the vertical craniofacial type. © 2007 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|