Alterations in functional cortical hierarchy in hemiparkinsonian rats

Borbála Nóra Jávor-Duray, Martin Vinck, Marcel van der Roest, Erwan Bezard, Henk W. Berendse, Thomas Boraud, Pieter Voorn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease and experimentally induced hemiparkinsonism are characterized by increased beta synchronization between cortical and subcortical areas. This change in beta connectivity might reflect either a symmetric increase in interareal influences or asymmetric changes in directed influences among brain areas. We assessed patterns of functional and directed connectivity within and between striatum and six cortical sites in each hemisphere of the hemiparkinsonian rat model. LFPs were recorded in resting and walking states, before and after unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion. The hemiparkinsonian state was characterized by increased oscillatory activity in the 20–40 Hz range in resting and walking states, and increased interhemispheric coupling (phase lag index) that was more widespread at rest than during walking. Spectral Granger-causality analysis revealed that the change in symmetric functional connectivity comprised profound reorganization of hierarchical organization and directed influence patterns. First, in the lesioned hemisphere, the more anterior, nonprimary motor areas located at the top of the cortical hierarchy (i.e., receiving many directed influences) tended to increase their directed influence onto the posterior primary motor and somatosensory areas. This enhanced influence of “higher” areas may be related to the loss of motor control due to the 6-OHDA lesion. Second, the drive from the nonlesioned toward the lesioned hemisphere (in particular to striatum) increased, most prominently during walking. The nature of these adaptations (disturbed signaling or compensa-tion) is discussed. The present study demonstrates that hemiparkinsonism is associated with a profound reorganization of the hierarchical organization of directed influence patterns among brain areas, perhaps reflecting compensatory processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7669-7681
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume37
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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