Amyloid-independent atrophy patterns predict time to progression to dementia in mild cognitive impairment

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Abstract

Background: Amyloid pathology in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an important risk factor for progression to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. Predicting the onset of dementia is challenging even in the presence of amyloid, as time to progression varies considerably among patients and depends on the onset of neurodegeneration. Survival analysis can account for variability in time to event, but has not often been applied to MRI measurements beyond singular predefined brain regions such as the hippocampus. Here we used a voxel-wise survival analysis to identify in an unbiased fashion brain regions where decreased gray matter volume is associated with time to dementia, and assessed the effects of amyloid on these associations. Methods: We included 276 subjects with MCI (mean age 67 ± 8, 41% female, mean Mini-Mental State Examination 26.6 ± 2.4), baseline 3D T1-weighted structural MRI, baseline cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, and prospective clinical follow-up. We fitted for each voxel a proportional Cox hazards regression model to study whether decreased gray matter volume predicted progression to dementia in the total sample, and stratified for baseline amyloid status. Results: Dementia at follow-up occurred in 122 (44%) subjects over an average follow-up period of 2.5 ± 1.5 years. Baseline amyloid positivity was associated with progression to dementia (hazard ratio 2.4, p < 0.001). Within amyloid-positive subjects, decreased gray matter volume in the hippocampal, temporal, parietal, and frontal regions was associated with more rapid progression to dementia (median (interquartile range) hazard ratio across significant voxels 1.35 (1.32-1.40)). Repeating the analysis in amyloid-negative subjects revealed similar patterns (median (interquartile range) hazard ratio 1.76 (1.66-1.91)). Conclusions: In subjects with MCI, both abnormal amyloid CSF and decreased gray matter volume were associated with future progression to dementia. The spatial pattern of decreased gray matter volume associated with progression to dementia was consistent for amyloid-positive and amyloid-negative subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number73
JournalAlzheimer's Research and Therapy
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2017

Cite this

@article{485b51c6719046949b424c13fab39f31,
title = "Amyloid-independent atrophy patterns predict time to progression to dementia in mild cognitive impairment",
abstract = "Background: Amyloid pathology in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an important risk factor for progression to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. Predicting the onset of dementia is challenging even in the presence of amyloid, as time to progression varies considerably among patients and depends on the onset of neurodegeneration. Survival analysis can account for variability in time to event, but has not often been applied to MRI measurements beyond singular predefined brain regions such as the hippocampus. Here we used a voxel-wise survival analysis to identify in an unbiased fashion brain regions where decreased gray matter volume is associated with time to dementia, and assessed the effects of amyloid on these associations. Methods: We included 276 subjects with MCI (mean age 67 ± 8, 41{\%} female, mean Mini-Mental State Examination 26.6 ± 2.4), baseline 3D T1-weighted structural MRI, baseline cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, and prospective clinical follow-up. We fitted for each voxel a proportional Cox hazards regression model to study whether decreased gray matter volume predicted progression to dementia in the total sample, and stratified for baseline amyloid status. Results: Dementia at follow-up occurred in 122 (44{\%}) subjects over an average follow-up period of 2.5 ± 1.5 years. Baseline amyloid positivity was associated with progression to dementia (hazard ratio 2.4, p < 0.001). Within amyloid-positive subjects, decreased gray matter volume in the hippocampal, temporal, parietal, and frontal regions was associated with more rapid progression to dementia (median (interquartile range) hazard ratio across significant voxels 1.35 (1.32-1.40)). Repeating the analysis in amyloid-negative subjects revealed similar patterns (median (interquartile range) hazard ratio 1.76 (1.66-1.91)). Conclusions: In subjects with MCI, both abnormal amyloid CSF and decreased gray matter volume were associated with future progression to dementia. The spatial pattern of decreased gray matter volume associated with progression to dementia was consistent for amyloid-positive and amyloid-negative subjects.",
keywords = "Alzheimer's disease, Magnetic resonance imaging, Mild cognitive impairment, survival analysis",
author = "{Ten Kate}, Mara and Frederik Barkhof and Visser, {Pieter Jelle} and Teunissen, {Charlotte E.} and Philip Scheltens and {Van Der Flier}, {Wiesje M.} and Tijms, {Betty M.}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1186/s13195-017-0299-x",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Alzheimer's Research & Therapy",
issn = "1758-9193",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Amyloid-independent atrophy patterns predict time to progression to dementia in mild cognitive impairment

AU - Ten Kate, Mara

AU - Barkhof, Frederik

AU - Visser, Pieter Jelle

AU - Teunissen, Charlotte E.

AU - Scheltens, Philip

AU - Van Der Flier, Wiesje M.

AU - Tijms, Betty M.

PY - 2017/9/12

Y1 - 2017/9/12

N2 - Background: Amyloid pathology in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an important risk factor for progression to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. Predicting the onset of dementia is challenging even in the presence of amyloid, as time to progression varies considerably among patients and depends on the onset of neurodegeneration. Survival analysis can account for variability in time to event, but has not often been applied to MRI measurements beyond singular predefined brain regions such as the hippocampus. Here we used a voxel-wise survival analysis to identify in an unbiased fashion brain regions where decreased gray matter volume is associated with time to dementia, and assessed the effects of amyloid on these associations. Methods: We included 276 subjects with MCI (mean age 67 ± 8, 41% female, mean Mini-Mental State Examination 26.6 ± 2.4), baseline 3D T1-weighted structural MRI, baseline cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, and prospective clinical follow-up. We fitted for each voxel a proportional Cox hazards regression model to study whether decreased gray matter volume predicted progression to dementia in the total sample, and stratified for baseline amyloid status. Results: Dementia at follow-up occurred in 122 (44%) subjects over an average follow-up period of 2.5 ± 1.5 years. Baseline amyloid positivity was associated with progression to dementia (hazard ratio 2.4, p < 0.001). Within amyloid-positive subjects, decreased gray matter volume in the hippocampal, temporal, parietal, and frontal regions was associated with more rapid progression to dementia (median (interquartile range) hazard ratio across significant voxels 1.35 (1.32-1.40)). Repeating the analysis in amyloid-negative subjects revealed similar patterns (median (interquartile range) hazard ratio 1.76 (1.66-1.91)). Conclusions: In subjects with MCI, both abnormal amyloid CSF and decreased gray matter volume were associated with future progression to dementia. The spatial pattern of decreased gray matter volume associated with progression to dementia was consistent for amyloid-positive and amyloid-negative subjects.

AB - Background: Amyloid pathology in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an important risk factor for progression to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. Predicting the onset of dementia is challenging even in the presence of amyloid, as time to progression varies considerably among patients and depends on the onset of neurodegeneration. Survival analysis can account for variability in time to event, but has not often been applied to MRI measurements beyond singular predefined brain regions such as the hippocampus. Here we used a voxel-wise survival analysis to identify in an unbiased fashion brain regions where decreased gray matter volume is associated with time to dementia, and assessed the effects of amyloid on these associations. Methods: We included 276 subjects with MCI (mean age 67 ± 8, 41% female, mean Mini-Mental State Examination 26.6 ± 2.4), baseline 3D T1-weighted structural MRI, baseline cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, and prospective clinical follow-up. We fitted for each voxel a proportional Cox hazards regression model to study whether decreased gray matter volume predicted progression to dementia in the total sample, and stratified for baseline amyloid status. Results: Dementia at follow-up occurred in 122 (44%) subjects over an average follow-up period of 2.5 ± 1.5 years. Baseline amyloid positivity was associated with progression to dementia (hazard ratio 2.4, p < 0.001). Within amyloid-positive subjects, decreased gray matter volume in the hippocampal, temporal, parietal, and frontal regions was associated with more rapid progression to dementia (median (interquartile range) hazard ratio across significant voxels 1.35 (1.32-1.40)). Repeating the analysis in amyloid-negative subjects revealed similar patterns (median (interquartile range) hazard ratio 1.76 (1.66-1.91)). Conclusions: In subjects with MCI, both abnormal amyloid CSF and decreased gray matter volume were associated with future progression to dementia. The spatial pattern of decreased gray matter volume associated with progression to dementia was consistent for amyloid-positive and amyloid-negative subjects.

KW - Alzheimer's disease

KW - Magnetic resonance imaging

KW - Mild cognitive impairment

KW - survival analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85029282049&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s13195-017-0299-x

DO - 10.1186/s13195-017-0299-x

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Alzheimer's Research & Therapy

JF - Alzheimer's Research & Therapy

SN - 1758-9193

IS - 1

M1 - 73

ER -