An analysis of anatomic landmark mobility and setup deviations in radiotherapy for lung cancer

Michael J. Samson*, John R. Van Sdaornsen De Koste, Hans C.J. De Boer, Hans Tankink, Marjolein Verstraate, Marion Essers, Andries G. Visser, Suresh Senan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: To identify thoracic structures that exhibit little internal motion during irradiation and to determine setup variations in patients with lung cancer. Methods and Materials: Intrafractional images were generated with an electronic portal-imaging device from the AP fields of 10 patients, during several fractions. To determine the intrafractional mobility of thoracic structures, visible structures were contoured in every image and matched with a reference image by means of a cross-correlation algorithm. Setup variations were determined by comparing portal images with the digitized simulator films using the stable structures as landmarks. Results: Mobility was limited in the lateral direction for the trachea, thoracic wall, paraspinal line, and aortic notch, and in the craniocaudal direction for the clavicle, aortic notch, and thoracic wall. Analysis of patient setup revealed random deviations of 2.0 mm (1 SD) in the lateral direction and 2.8 mm in the craniocaudal direction, while the systematic deviations were 2.5 and 2.0 mm (1 SD) respectively. Conclusions: We have identified thoracic structures that exhibit little internal motion in the frontal plane, and recommend that these structures be used for verifying patient setup during radiotherapy. The daily variation in the setup of lung cancer patients at our center appears to be acceptable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-832
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 1999

Cite this