An evaluation of exact matching and propensity score methods as applied in a comparative effectiveness study of inhaled corticosteroids in asthma

A. Burden, N. Roche, C. Miglio, E. V. Hillyer, D. S. Postma, R. M. Herings, J. A. Overbeek, J. M. Khalid, D. van Eickels, D. B. Price

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BACKGROUND: Cohort matching and regression modeling are used in observational studies to control for confounding factors when estimating treatment effects. Our objective was to evaluate exact matching and propensity score methods by applying them in a 1-year pre-post historical database study to investigate asthma-related outcomes by treatment. METHODS: We drew on longitudinal medical record data in the PHARMO database for asthma patients prescribed the treatments to be compared (ciclesonide and fine-particle inhaled corticosteroid [ICS]). Propensity score methods that we evaluated were propensity score matching (PSM) using two different algorithms, the inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW), covariate adjustment using the propensity score, and propensity score stratification. We defined balance, using standardized differences, as differences of 10% for four variables in the exact-matched dataset and
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-30
Number of pages16
JournalPragmat Obs Res
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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