Anti-erosive effects of fluoride and phytosphingosine: an in vitro study

Nermin Yönel*, Floris J. Bikker, Maxim D. Lagerweij, Cees J. Kleverlaan, Cor van Loveren, Bugra Özen, Serap Çetiner, Augustinus J.P. van Strijp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


A selection of commercially available products containing stannous fluoride (SnF2)/sodium fluoride (NaF), SnF2/amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP), SnF2/NaF/ACP, tin (Sn)/fluorine (F)/chitosan were compared with phytosphingosine (PHS) with respect to their anti-erosive properties in vitro. One-hundred and twenty bovine enamel specimens were immersed in the respective product slurries for 2 min, twice daily. The formulations were diluted with either remineralization solution or artificial saliva. After each treatment, an erosive challenge was performed for 10 min, twice daily, using citric acid, pH 3.4. The specimens were stored in remineralization solution or artificial saliva until the next treatment-erosion challenge. After 10 d, tissue loss was determined using profilometry. Enamel softening was determined through surface microhardness measurements. Tissue-loss values (measured in μm and expressed as mean ± SD) for PHS, SnF2/NaF, SnF2/ACP, SnF2/ACP/NaF, and Sn/F/chitosan treatment groups and for the negative-control group, were, respectively, 35.6 ± 2.8, 15.8 ± 1.8, 22.1 ± 2.0, 22.9 ± 1.8, 16.2 ± 1.2, and 51.2 ± 4.4 in the presence of remineralization solution and 31.7 ± 3.3, 15.6 ± 2.9, 16.5 ± 2.7, 16.8 ± 2.1, 13.1 ± 3.0, and 50.7 ± 2.8 in the presence of artificial saliva. There were no significant differences in surface microhardness measurements between the treatment groups. In conclusion, PHS resulted in a significant reduction of tissue loss compared with the negative control, but in comparison, the toothpastes containing Sn2+ and F ions were significantly more effective compared with PHS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-402
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

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