Anti-high-mobility group box-1 treatment strategies improve trauma-induced coagulopathy in a mouse model of trauma and shock

Pieter H. Sloos, M. Adrie W. Maas, Joost C. M. Meijers, Rienk Nieuwland, Joris J. T. H. Roelofs, Nicole P. Juffermans, Derek J. B. Kleinveld*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Trauma-induced coagulopathy is associated with platelet dysfunction and contributes to early mortality after traumatic injury. Plasma concentrations of the damage molecule high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) increase after trauma, which may contribute to platelet dysfunction. We hypothesised that inhibition of HMGB-1 with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) or with recombinant thrombomodulin (rTM) improves trauma-induced coagulopathy in a murine model of trauma and shock. Methods: Male 129S2/SvPasOrlRJ mice were anaesthetised, mechanically ventilated, and randomised into five groups: (i) ventilation control (VENT), (ii) trauma/shock (TS), (iii) TS+anti-HMGB-1 mAb (TS+AB), (iv) TS+rTM (TS+TM), and (v) TS+anti-HMGB-1 mAb+rTM (TS+COMBI). Primary outcome was rotational thromboelastometry EXTEM. Secondary outcomes included tail bleeding time, platelet count, plasma HMGB-1 concentration, and platelet activation. Results: Trauma and shock resulted in a hypocoagulable thromboelastometry profile, increased plasma HMGB-1, and increased platelet activation markers. TS+AB was associated with improved clot firmness after 5 min compared with TS (34 [33–37] vs 32 [29–34] mm; P=0.043). TS+COMBI was associated with decreased clot formation time (98 [92–125] vs 122 [111–148] s; P=0.018) and increased alpha angle (77 [72–78] vs 69 [64–71] degrees; P=0.003) compared with TS. TS+COMBI also reduced tail bleeding time compared with TS (P=0.007). The TS+TM and TS+COMBI groups had higher platelet counts compared with TS (P=0.044 and P=0.041, respectively). Conclusions: Inhibition of HMGB-1 early after trauma in a mouse model improves clot formation and strength, preserves platelet count, and decreases bleeding time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-697
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
Issue number6
Early online date2023
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

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