Angst, depressie en slaapproblemen bij de ziekte van Parkinson: een complexe interactie tussen lichaam en geest

Translated title of the contribution: Anxiety, depression and sleep disorders in Parkinson's disease: a complex interaction between body and mind

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression in Parkinson's disease (PD) are often unrecognized, partially due to a complex relationship with sleep disorders and other PD-related symptoms. <br/> AIM: To gain more insight in anxiety, depression and sleep disorders in PD, their reciprocal interaction and relationship with other (non)motor symptoms. <br/> METHOD: With three epidemiological studies in this thesis article we describe: the symptom dimensions of anxiety, motor symptoms and autonomic failure; predictors of the course of anxiety; and the temporal relationship between anxiety, depression and insomnia in PD.<br/> RESULTS: Anxiety in PD has one affective and various somatic symptom dimensions. There is a symptomatic overlap between anxiety and symptoms of motor and autonomic dysfunctions. Anxiety, depression and impulsive-compulsive behaviors in de novo PD show a parallel course. Cognitive dysfunctions and REM-sleep behaviour disorder are risk factors for anxiety in PD patients. The relationship between insomnia and anxiety and depression is bi-directional.<br/> CONCLUSION: There is an overlap, co-morbidity and interaction between anxiety, depression, sleep disorders and (non)motor symptoms, which warrants a multi-disciplinary approach to PD. Sleep disorders and cognitive dysfunctions may provide starting points for treatment and preventions of anxiety in PD.

Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)62-72
Number of pages11
JournalTijdschrift voor Psychiatrie
Volume62
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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