Anxiety, depression and treatment adherence among HIV-infected migrants

S. K. Been, A. Schadé, N. Bassant, M. Kastelijns, K. Pogány, A. Verbon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Diagnosing symptoms of psychological distress can be challenging in migrants living with HIV (MLWH) living in Western Europe. We evaluated the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) as a screening tool for psychological distress. Additionally, the association between psychological distress and adherence to combination Antiretroviral Therapy (cART) was determined. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, psychosocial variables, and self-reported adherence to cART data were collected. 306/352 participants completed the HADS. A HADS+ (≥15, at risk for psychological distress) was found in 106/306. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was completed by 60/106. The HADS was repeated in 58 participants as the time between the first HADS and the CIDI was more than three months. In 21/37 participants with a HADS+ (57%) within three months before the CIDI a diagnosis of depression or anxiety disorder based on the CIDI was found. Participants with a HADS+ were more likely to be non-adherent (71.3% vs. 43.6%). In a large group of MLWH in the Netherlands, 35% were at risk for symptoms of psychological distress. The HADS seems to be a suitable screening tool for MLWH.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-987
JournalAids Care
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Been, S. K., Schadé, A., Bassant, N., Kastelijns, M., Pogány, K., & Verbon, A. (2019). Anxiety, depression and treatment adherence among HIV-infected migrants. Aids Care, 31(8), 979-987. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1601676
Been, S. K. ; Schadé, A. ; Bassant, N. ; Kastelijns, M. ; Pogány, K. ; Verbon, A. / Anxiety, depression and treatment adherence among HIV-infected migrants. In: Aids Care. 2019 ; Vol. 31, No. 8. pp. 979-987.
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Been, SK, Schadé, A, Bassant, N, Kastelijns, M, Pogány, K & Verbon, A 2019, 'Anxiety, depression and treatment adherence among HIV-infected migrants' Aids Care, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 979-987. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2019.1601676

Anxiety, depression and treatment adherence among HIV-infected migrants. / Been, S. K.; Schadé, A.; Bassant, N.; Kastelijns, M.; Pogány, K.; Verbon, A.

In: Aids Care, Vol. 31, No. 8, 2019, p. 979-987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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