Psychiatric disorders such as dementia and depression are highly prevalent in nursing homes. The prevalence of anxiety disorders is less clear. Prevalence, course and risk-indicators of anxiety disorders among nursing home residents were examined, based on a review of the literature. Medline and PsychINFO searches were conducted for 1966-2002. Twelve studies were considered relevant. These differed substantially with respect to study-population, diagnostic instruments and diagnostic criteria that were used and the specific anxiety disorders investigated. The prevalence of anxiety disorders ranged from 0-20%. Only in one study the course of anxiety disorders was investigated. About 60% of the nursing home residents recovered in one year. The most important risk-indicators for anxiety disorders identified were: female sex, depression, lack of social support, poor physical health and functional and cognitive impairments. Generalization of these results to the Dutch nursing home population is restricted by the substantial heterogeneity of the studies. Further studies are required to provide reliable estimates of prevalence, course and risk-indicators of anxiety disorders among nursing home residents using appropriate diagnostic instruments and adjusted diagnostic criteria. This will enhance detection and improve treatment of anxiety disorders among nursing home residents.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2003|