Assessing Disease Activity in Pediatric Crohn's Disease Using Ultrasound: The Pediatric Crohn Disease Intestinal Ultrasound Score


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OBJECTIVES: Currently, there is no consensus on how to score Crohn disease (CD) activity assessed by intestinal ultrasound (IUS) in children. This study aimed to design an easy-to-use IUS score for disease activity in pediatric CD. METHODS: Children undergoing ileo-colonoscopy for CD assessment underwent IUS the day before ileo-colonoscopy, assessed with simple endoscopic score for CD (SES-CD). IUS features were compared to the SES-CD on segmental level. Multiple regression analyses, separately for terminal ileum (TI) and colon, were done to assess predictors of disease activity and to develop a model. RESULTS: In 74 CD patients (median 15 years, 48% female), 67 TI and 364 colon segments were assessed. Based on receiver operating characteristics curves, bowel wall thickness (BWT) was categorized into low [1 point: 2-3 mm (TI) and 1.6-2 mm (colon)], medium [2 points: 3.0-3.7 mm (TI) and 2.0-2.7 mm (colon)], and high [3 points: >3.7 mm (TI) and >2.7 mm (colon)]. In TI, only BWT was retained in the model [high BWT: odds ratio (OR) 11.50, P < 0.001]. In colon, BWT (high BWT: OR 8.63, P < 0.001) and mesenteric fat (1 point: OR 3.02, P < 0.001) were independent predictors. A pediatric Crohn disease IUS score (PCD-US) cut-off of 1 resulted in a sensitivity of 82% (95% confidence interval, CI: 65%-93%) and 85% (95% CI: 80%-89%) and a cut-off of 3 in a specificity of 88% (72%-97%) and 92% (87%-96%) for TI and colon, respectively. Inter-observer agreement was moderate for TI and colon ( K : 0.42, K : 0.49, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The PCD-US score is an easy-to-use and reliable score to detect or rule out CD activity on segmental level in children. External validation is needed before applying this score in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-589
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023

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