Assessment of a standalone photoplethysmography (PPG) algorithm for detection of atrial fibrillation on wristband-derived data

J. L. Selder*, T. Proesmans, L. Breukel, O. Dur, W. Gielen, A. C. van Rossum, C. P. Allaart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in the developed world. Using photoplethysmography (PPG) and software algorithms, AF can be detected with high accuracy using smartphone camera-derived data. However, reports of diagnostic accuracy of standalone algorithms using wristband-derived PPG data are sparse, while this provides a means to perform long-term AF screening and monitoring. This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of a well-known standalone algorithm using wristband-derived PPG data. Materials and Methods: Subjects recruited from a community senior care organization were instructed to wear the Wavelet PPG wristband on one arm and the Alivecor KardiaBand one-lead-ECG wristband on the other. Three consecutive measurements (duration per measurement: 60 s for PPG and 30 s for one-lead ECG) were performed with both devices, simultaneously. The PPG data were analyzed by the Fibricheck standalone algorithm and the ECG data by the Kardia algorithm. The results were compared to a reference standard (interpretation of the one-lead ECG by two independent cardiologists). Results: A total of 180 PPGs and one-lead ECGs were recorded in 60 subjects, with a mean age of 70±17. AF was identified in 6 (10%) of the users, two users (3%) were not classifiable by the PPG algorithm and 1 user (2%) was not classifiable by the one-lead ECG algorithm. The diagnostic performance (sensitivity/specificity/positive predictive value/negative predictive value/accuracy) on user level was 100/96/75/100/97% for the PPG wristband and 100/98/86/100/98% for the one-lead ECG wristband. Conclusions: In a small real-world cohort of elderly people, the standalone Fibricheck AF algorithm can accurately detect AF using Wavelet wristband-derived PPG data. Results are comparable to the Alivecor Kardia one-lead ECG device, with an acceptable unclassifiable/bad quality rate. This opens the door for long-term AF screening and monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105753
JournalComputer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Volume197
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

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