Objectives: To identify possible associations between patients’ demographics and habits and the clinical aspects and histopathological characteristics of oral leukoplakia (OL) at patients’ first visit. Method: A total of 140 consecutive patients with OL at a single institute between 1997 and 2019. All biopsies were microscopically examined for classic dysplasia (CD) (WHO definition oral epithelial dysplasia) and differentiated dysplasia (DD) known from differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. Clinical characteristics were correlated to histopathological diagnosis and odds ratios (OR) were calculated. Results: A total of 96 females and 44 males, mean age 58 years, were presented. OLs were found mainly on the tongue (41%) and floor of mouth (FOM) (18%). Homogeneous OLs (58%) were associated with smoking, FOM and size <2cm and non-homogeneous OLs (42%) with non-smokers. No dysplasia was present in 40% and any dysplasia (AD) in 60%. Tongue OLs were correlated with AD (OR:6.0) and CD (OR:5.7). FOM OLs were correlated with CD (OR:4.5). DD was correlated with non-homogeneous OLs (OR:2.6). Conclusions: CD was most frequently observed in tongue and FOM OLs, while DD was associated with non-homogeneous OLs. In this series of patients, there was no consistent reliable association between the clinical and histopathological features and clinical characteristics can therefore not substitute microscopic examination of biopsies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOral Diseases
Early online date2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

Cite this