Associations between food and beverage consumption and different types of sedentary behaviours in European preschoolers: the ToyBox-study

María L. Miguel-Berges, Alba M. Santaliestra-Pasias, Theodora Mouratidou, Odysseas Androutsos, Marieke de Craemer, An Sofie Pinket, Julia Birnbaum, Berthold Koletzko, Violeta Iotova, Natalia Usheva, Zbigniew Kulaga, Magdalena Góźdź, Yannis Manios, Luis A. Moreno, Agneta Yngve, Andrea Aikenhead, Andreas Wildgruber, Angelika Strauß, Annemiek Dorgelo, Annette PayrAnnhild Mosdøl, Aviva Nethe, Axel Günthersberger, Beata Gurzkowska, Beatriz Oves, Bente B. Nilsen, Birgit Herbert, Boyd Swinburn, Carine Vereecken, Carolyn Summerbell, Catherine Nixon, Christel Lynch, Christina Katsarou, Christina Paulina Lambrinou, Christine Geyer, Claus Voegele, Dianne Ward, Eftychia Apostolidou, Eirini Efstathopoulou, Ellen De Decker, Esther M. González-Gil, Eva Grammatikaki, Goof Buijs, Greet Cardon, Helen Moore, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Jan Jansen, Jo Van Assche, John Reilly, Juan Fernandez, Julia Wildeis, Jutta Retterath, Kamila Zych, Katarzyna Szott, Kristin Duvinage, Lea Maes, Leigh Gibson, Lieven Annemans, Lore Pil, Luis Gracia-Marco, Lydia Tsirigoti, Magdalena Góźdź, Mai Chin A. Paw, Maribel Mesana, Mina Lateva, Nevyana Feschieva, Otto Gmeiner, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Piotr Socha, Sabine Ibrügger, Saskia te Velde, Sonya Galcheva, Stefaan De Henauw, Susanna Kugelberg, Susanne Kreichauf, Tim Lobstein, Vanya Marinova, Wayne Douthwaite, Zhaneta Radkova

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© 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Objective: To examine the association between food and beverage consumption and time spent in different sedentary behaviours such as watching TV and DVDs, playing computer/video games and quiet play/activities in preschoolers. Methods: A sample of 6431 (51.8 % males) European preschoolers aged 3.5–5.5 years from six survey centres was included in the data analyses. Data on dietary habits and sedentary behaviours [watching TV, playing computer and quiet play (both during weekdays and weekend days)] were collected via standardized proxy-administered questionnaires. One-way analysis of covariance and general linear model (adjusted for sex, maternal education, body mass index and centre) were conducted. Results: The results of the generalized linear model showed that the more strong associations in both males and females who were watching TV for > 1 h/day during weekdays were positively associated with increased consumption of fizzy drinks (β = 0.136 for males and β = 0.156 for females), fresh and packed juices (β = 0.069, β = 0.089), sweetened milk (β = 0.119, β = 0.078), cakes and biscuits (β = 0.116, β = 0.145), chocolate (β = 0.052, β = 0.090), sugar-based desserts and pastries (β = 0.234, β = 0.250), salty snacks (β = 0.067, β = 0.056), meat/poultry/processed meat (β = 0.067, β = 0.090) and potatoes (β = 0.071, β = 0.067), and negative associations were observed for the consumption of fruits (β = −0.057, β = −0.099), vegetables (β = −0.056, β = −0.082) and fish (β = −0.013, β = −0.013). During weekend days, results were comparable. Conclusions: In European preschoolers, sedentary behaviours were associated with consumption of energy-dense foods and fizzy drinks. The present findings will contribute to improve the strategies to prevent overweight, obesity and nutrition-related chronic diseases from early childhood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1939-1951
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

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