Abstract

Background: Neuropathological studies have linked tau aggregates to neuronal loss. To describe the spatial distribution of neurofibrillary tangle pathology in post-mortem tissue, Braak staging has been used. The aim of this study was to examine in vivo associations between tau pathology, quantified with [18F]flortaucipir PET in regions corresponding to Braak stages, and atrophy across the Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum. Methods: We included 100 subjects, including 58 amyloid-β positive patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 6) or AD dementia (n = 52) and 42 controls with subjective cognitive decline (36% amyloid-β positive). All subjects underwent a dynamic [18F]flortaucipir PET to generate non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) maps. We extracted average [18F]flortaucipir BPND entorhinal, Braak III-IV (limbic) and Braak V-VI (neocortical) regions of interest (ROIs). T1-weighted MRI was used to assess gray matter (GM) volumes. We performed linear regression analyses using [18F]flortaucipir BPND ROIs as independent and GM density (ROI or voxelwise) as dependent variable. Results: In MCI/AD subjects (age [mean ± SD] 65 ± 8 years, MMSE 23 ± 4), [18F]flortaucipir BPND was higher than in controls (age 65 ± 8, MMSE 29 ± 1) across all ROIs (entorhinal 0.06 ± 0.21 vs 0.46 ± 0.25 p < 0.001, Braak III-IV 0.11 ± 0.10 vs 0.46 ± 0.26, p < 0.001, Braak V-VI 0.07 ± 0.07 vs 0.38 ± 0.29, p < 0.001). In MCI/AD, greater [18F]flortaucipir BPND in entorhinal cortex was associated with lower GM density in medial temporal lobe (β - 0.40, p < 0.001). Greater [18F]flortaucipir BPND in ROI Braak III-IV and Braak V-VI was associated with smaller GM density in lateral and inferior temporal, parietal, occipital, and frontal lobes (range standardized βs - 0.30 to - 0.55, p < 0.01), but not in medial temporal lobe (β - 0.22, p 0.07). [18F]Flortaucipir BPND in ROI Braak I-II was not associated with GM density loss anywhere. When quantifying [18F]flortaucipir BPND across brain lobes, we observed both local and distant associations with GM atrophy. In controls, there were no significant associations between [18F]flortaucipir BPND and GM density (standardized βs ranging from - 0.24 to 0.02, all p > 0.05). Conclusions: In MCI/AD patients, [18F]flortaucipir binding in entorhinal, limbic, and neocortical regions was associated with cortical atrophy.
Original languageEnglish
Article number60
JournalAlzheimer's Research & Therapy
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2019

Cite this

@article{e3021795bc444b3d8c71ad8bcbc8623a,
title = "Associations between quantitative [18F]flortaucipir tau PET and atrophy across the Alzheimer's disease spectrum",
abstract = "Background: Neuropathological studies have linked tau aggregates to neuronal loss. To describe the spatial distribution of neurofibrillary tangle pathology in post-mortem tissue, Braak staging has been used. The aim of this study was to examine in vivo associations between tau pathology, quantified with [18F]flortaucipir PET in regions corresponding to Braak stages, and atrophy across the Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum. Methods: We included 100 subjects, including 58 amyloid-β positive patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 6) or AD dementia (n = 52) and 42 controls with subjective cognitive decline (36{\%} amyloid-β positive). All subjects underwent a dynamic [18F]flortaucipir PET to generate non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) maps. We extracted average [18F]flortaucipir BPND entorhinal, Braak III-IV (limbic) and Braak V-VI (neocortical) regions of interest (ROIs). T1-weighted MRI was used to assess gray matter (GM) volumes. We performed linear regression analyses using [18F]flortaucipir BPND ROIs as independent and GM density (ROI or voxelwise) as dependent variable. Results: In MCI/AD subjects (age [mean ± SD] 65 ± 8 years, MMSE 23 ± 4), [18F]flortaucipir BPND was higher than in controls (age 65 ± 8, MMSE 29 ± 1) across all ROIs (entorhinal 0.06 ± 0.21 vs 0.46 ± 0.25 p < 0.001, Braak III-IV 0.11 ± 0.10 vs 0.46 ± 0.26, p < 0.001, Braak V-VI 0.07 ± 0.07 vs 0.38 ± 0.29, p < 0.001). In MCI/AD, greater [18F]flortaucipir BPND in entorhinal cortex was associated with lower GM density in medial temporal lobe (β - 0.40, p < 0.001). Greater [18F]flortaucipir BPND in ROI Braak III-IV and Braak V-VI was associated with smaller GM density in lateral and inferior temporal, parietal, occipital, and frontal lobes (range standardized βs - 0.30 to - 0.55, p < 0.01), but not in medial temporal lobe (β - 0.22, p 0.07). [18F]Flortaucipir BPND in ROI Braak I-II was not associated with GM density loss anywhere. When quantifying [18F]flortaucipir BPND across brain lobes, we observed both local and distant associations with GM atrophy. In controls, there were no significant associations between [18F]flortaucipir BPND and GM density (standardized βs ranging from - 0.24 to 0.02, all p > 0.05). Conclusions: In MCI/AD patients, [18F]flortaucipir binding in entorhinal, limbic, and neocortical regions was associated with cortical atrophy.",
keywords = "Alzheimer's disease, Atrophy, MCI (mild cognitive impairment), MRI, PET, Tau",
author = "Tessa Timmers and Rik Ossenkoppele and Wolters, {Emma E.} and Verfaillie, {Sander C. J.} and Denise Visser and Golla, {Sandeep S. V.} and Frederik Barkhof and Philip Scheltens and Ronald Boellaard and {van der Flier}, {Wiesje M.} and {van Berckel}, {Bart N. M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1186/s13195-019-0510-3",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Alzheimer's Research & Therapy",
issn = "1758-9193",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between quantitative [18F]flortaucipir tau PET and atrophy across the Alzheimer's disease spectrum

AU - Timmers, Tessa

AU - Ossenkoppele, Rik

AU - Wolters, Emma E.

AU - Verfaillie, Sander C. J.

AU - Visser, Denise

AU - Golla, Sandeep S. V.

AU - Barkhof, Frederik

AU - Scheltens, Philip

AU - Boellaard, Ronald

AU - van der Flier, Wiesje M.

AU - van Berckel, Bart N. M.

PY - 2019/7/4

Y1 - 2019/7/4

N2 - Background: Neuropathological studies have linked tau aggregates to neuronal loss. To describe the spatial distribution of neurofibrillary tangle pathology in post-mortem tissue, Braak staging has been used. The aim of this study was to examine in vivo associations between tau pathology, quantified with [18F]flortaucipir PET in regions corresponding to Braak stages, and atrophy across the Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum. Methods: We included 100 subjects, including 58 amyloid-β positive patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 6) or AD dementia (n = 52) and 42 controls with subjective cognitive decline (36% amyloid-β positive). All subjects underwent a dynamic [18F]flortaucipir PET to generate non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) maps. We extracted average [18F]flortaucipir BPND entorhinal, Braak III-IV (limbic) and Braak V-VI (neocortical) regions of interest (ROIs). T1-weighted MRI was used to assess gray matter (GM) volumes. We performed linear regression analyses using [18F]flortaucipir BPND ROIs as independent and GM density (ROI or voxelwise) as dependent variable. Results: In MCI/AD subjects (age [mean ± SD] 65 ± 8 years, MMSE 23 ± 4), [18F]flortaucipir BPND was higher than in controls (age 65 ± 8, MMSE 29 ± 1) across all ROIs (entorhinal 0.06 ± 0.21 vs 0.46 ± 0.25 p < 0.001, Braak III-IV 0.11 ± 0.10 vs 0.46 ± 0.26, p < 0.001, Braak V-VI 0.07 ± 0.07 vs 0.38 ± 0.29, p < 0.001). In MCI/AD, greater [18F]flortaucipir BPND in entorhinal cortex was associated with lower GM density in medial temporal lobe (β - 0.40, p < 0.001). Greater [18F]flortaucipir BPND in ROI Braak III-IV and Braak V-VI was associated with smaller GM density in lateral and inferior temporal, parietal, occipital, and frontal lobes (range standardized βs - 0.30 to - 0.55, p < 0.01), but not in medial temporal lobe (β - 0.22, p 0.07). [18F]Flortaucipir BPND in ROI Braak I-II was not associated with GM density loss anywhere. When quantifying [18F]flortaucipir BPND across brain lobes, we observed both local and distant associations with GM atrophy. In controls, there were no significant associations between [18F]flortaucipir BPND and GM density (standardized βs ranging from - 0.24 to 0.02, all p > 0.05). Conclusions: In MCI/AD patients, [18F]flortaucipir binding in entorhinal, limbic, and neocortical regions was associated with cortical atrophy.

AB - Background: Neuropathological studies have linked tau aggregates to neuronal loss. To describe the spatial distribution of neurofibrillary tangle pathology in post-mortem tissue, Braak staging has been used. The aim of this study was to examine in vivo associations between tau pathology, quantified with [18F]flortaucipir PET in regions corresponding to Braak stages, and atrophy across the Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum. Methods: We included 100 subjects, including 58 amyloid-β positive patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 6) or AD dementia (n = 52) and 42 controls with subjective cognitive decline (36% amyloid-β positive). All subjects underwent a dynamic [18F]flortaucipir PET to generate non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) maps. We extracted average [18F]flortaucipir BPND entorhinal, Braak III-IV (limbic) and Braak V-VI (neocortical) regions of interest (ROIs). T1-weighted MRI was used to assess gray matter (GM) volumes. We performed linear regression analyses using [18F]flortaucipir BPND ROIs as independent and GM density (ROI or voxelwise) as dependent variable. Results: In MCI/AD subjects (age [mean ± SD] 65 ± 8 years, MMSE 23 ± 4), [18F]flortaucipir BPND was higher than in controls (age 65 ± 8, MMSE 29 ± 1) across all ROIs (entorhinal 0.06 ± 0.21 vs 0.46 ± 0.25 p < 0.001, Braak III-IV 0.11 ± 0.10 vs 0.46 ± 0.26, p < 0.001, Braak V-VI 0.07 ± 0.07 vs 0.38 ± 0.29, p < 0.001). In MCI/AD, greater [18F]flortaucipir BPND in entorhinal cortex was associated with lower GM density in medial temporal lobe (β - 0.40, p < 0.001). Greater [18F]flortaucipir BPND in ROI Braak III-IV and Braak V-VI was associated with smaller GM density in lateral and inferior temporal, parietal, occipital, and frontal lobes (range standardized βs - 0.30 to - 0.55, p < 0.01), but not in medial temporal lobe (β - 0.22, p 0.07). [18F]Flortaucipir BPND in ROI Braak I-II was not associated with GM density loss anywhere. When quantifying [18F]flortaucipir BPND across brain lobes, we observed both local and distant associations with GM atrophy. In controls, there were no significant associations between [18F]flortaucipir BPND and GM density (standardized βs ranging from - 0.24 to 0.02, all p > 0.05). Conclusions: In MCI/AD patients, [18F]flortaucipir binding in entorhinal, limbic, and neocortical regions was associated with cortical atrophy.

KW - Alzheimer's disease

KW - Atrophy

KW - MCI (mild cognitive impairment)

KW - MRI

KW - PET

KW - Tau

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85068547893&origin=inward

U2 - 10.1186/s13195-019-0510-3

DO - 10.1186/s13195-019-0510-3

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Alzheimer's Research & Therapy

JF - Alzheimer's Research & Therapy

SN - 1758-9193

IS - 1

M1 - 60

ER -