Associations between sex, age and spiritual well-being scores on the EORTC QLQ-SWB32 for patients receiving palliative care for cancer: A further analysis of data from an international validation study

Gudrun Elin Rohde, Teresa Young, Julie Winstanley, Juan I. Arraras, Kath Black, Fran Boyle, Anne Bredart, Anna Costantini, Jingbo Guo, Maria E. Irarrazaval, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Renske Kruizinga, Mariana Navarro, Sepideh Omidvari, Samantha Serpentini, Nigel Spry, Hanneke van Laarhoven, Grace Yang, Bella Vivat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The EORTC QOL Group has recently completed the cross-cultural development and validation of a standalone measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) for cancer patients receiving palliative care: the EORTC QLQ-SWB32. The measure includes four scales: Relationships with Others, Relationship with Self, Relationship with Someone or Something Greater, and Existential, plus a Global-SWB item. This paper reports on further research investigating relationships between sex, age and SWB for patients receiving palliative care for cancer—adjusting for other socio-demographic, clinical and function variables, including WHO performance status and EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL emotional and physical function scores. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the validation study were used, and chi-square, independent t tests, Mann–Whitney U tests and multiple regression analyses applied. Results: The study included 451 participants with advanced and incurable cancer, from 14 countries. Adjusted analyses found better scores for female participants than males on three of the four EORTC QLQ-SWB32 subscales; Relationship with others, Relationship with Someone or Something Greater and Existential plus Global-SWB. Older age was positively associated with better Relationship with Self. Conclusion: The findings from our participants suggest that it might be beneficial if healthcare providers seeking to address patients’ spiritual needs pay particular attention to male patients, younger patients and those with poor emotional functioning.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13145
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Care
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Rohde, Gudrun Elin ; Young, Teresa ; Winstanley, Julie ; Arraras, Juan I. ; Black, Kath ; Boyle, Fran ; Bredart, Anne ; Costantini, Anna ; Guo, Jingbo ; Irarrazaval, Maria E. ; Kobayashi, Kunihiko ; Kruizinga, Renske ; Navarro, Mariana ; Omidvari, Sepideh ; Serpentini, Samantha ; Spry, Nigel ; van Laarhoven, Hanneke ; Yang, Grace ; Vivat, Bella. / Associations between sex, age and spiritual well-being scores on the EORTC QLQ-SWB32 for patients receiving palliative care for cancer: A further analysis of data from an international validation study. In: European Journal of Cancer Care. 2019 ; Vol. 28.
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title = "Associations between sex, age and spiritual well-being scores on the EORTC QLQ-SWB32 for patients receiving palliative care for cancer: A further analysis of data from an international validation study",
abstract = "Objective: The EORTC QOL Group has recently completed the cross-cultural development and validation of a standalone measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) for cancer patients receiving palliative care: the EORTC QLQ-SWB32. The measure includes four scales: Relationships with Others, Relationship with Self, Relationship with Someone or Something Greater, and Existential, plus a Global-SWB item. This paper reports on further research investigating relationships between sex, age and SWB for patients receiving palliative care for cancer—adjusting for other socio-demographic, clinical and function variables, including WHO performance status and EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL emotional and physical function scores. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the validation study were used, and chi-square, independent t tests, Mann–Whitney U tests and multiple regression analyses applied. Results: The study included 451 participants with advanced and incurable cancer, from 14 countries. Adjusted analyses found better scores for female participants than males on three of the four EORTC QLQ-SWB32 subscales; Relationship with others, Relationship with Someone or Something Greater and Existential plus Global-SWB. Older age was positively associated with better Relationship with Self. Conclusion: The findings from our participants suggest that it might be beneficial if healthcare providers seeking to address patients’ spiritual needs pay particular attention to male patients, younger patients and those with poor emotional functioning.",
author = "Rohde, {Gudrun Elin} and Teresa Young and Julie Winstanley and Arraras, {Juan I.} and Kath Black and Fran Boyle and Anne Bredart and Anna Costantini and Jingbo Guo and Irarrazaval, {Maria E.} and Kunihiko Kobayashi and Renske Kruizinga and Mariana Navarro and Sepideh Omidvari and Samantha Serpentini and Nigel Spry and {van Laarhoven}, Hanneke and Grace Yang and Bella Vivat",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/ecc.13145",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
journal = "European Journal of Cancer Care",
issn = "0961-5423",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

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Rohde, GE, Young, T, Winstanley, J, Arraras, JI, Black, K, Boyle, F, Bredart, A, Costantini, A, Guo, J, Irarrazaval, ME, Kobayashi, K, Kruizinga, R, Navarro, M, Omidvari, S, Serpentini, S, Spry, N, van Laarhoven, H, Yang, G & Vivat, B 2019, 'Associations between sex, age and spiritual well-being scores on the EORTC QLQ-SWB32 for patients receiving palliative care for cancer: A further analysis of data from an international validation study' European Journal of Cancer Care, vol. 28, e13145. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecc.13145

Associations between sex, age and spiritual well-being scores on the EORTC QLQ-SWB32 for patients receiving palliative care for cancer: A further analysis of data from an international validation study. / Rohde, Gudrun Elin; Young, Teresa; Winstanley, Julie; Arraras, Juan I.; Black, Kath; Boyle, Fran; Bredart, Anne; Costantini, Anna; Guo, Jingbo; Irarrazaval, Maria E.; Kobayashi, Kunihiko; Kruizinga, Renske; Navarro, Mariana; Omidvari, Sepideh; Serpentini, Samantha; Spry, Nigel; van Laarhoven, Hanneke; Yang, Grace; Vivat, Bella.

In: European Journal of Cancer Care, Vol. 28, e13145, 01.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between sex, age and spiritual well-being scores on the EORTC QLQ-SWB32 for patients receiving palliative care for cancer: A further analysis of data from an international validation study

AU - Rohde, Gudrun Elin

AU - Young, Teresa

AU - Winstanley, Julie

AU - Arraras, Juan I.

AU - Black, Kath

AU - Boyle, Fran

AU - Bredart, Anne

AU - Costantini, Anna

AU - Guo, Jingbo

AU - Irarrazaval, Maria E.

AU - Kobayashi, Kunihiko

AU - Kruizinga, Renske

AU - Navarro, Mariana

AU - Omidvari, Sepideh

AU - Serpentini, Samantha

AU - Spry, Nigel

AU - van Laarhoven, Hanneke

AU - Yang, Grace

AU - Vivat, Bella

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - Objective: The EORTC QOL Group has recently completed the cross-cultural development and validation of a standalone measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) for cancer patients receiving palliative care: the EORTC QLQ-SWB32. The measure includes four scales: Relationships with Others, Relationship with Self, Relationship with Someone or Something Greater, and Existential, plus a Global-SWB item. This paper reports on further research investigating relationships between sex, age and SWB for patients receiving palliative care for cancer—adjusting for other socio-demographic, clinical and function variables, including WHO performance status and EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL emotional and physical function scores. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the validation study were used, and chi-square, independent t tests, Mann–Whitney U tests and multiple regression analyses applied. Results: The study included 451 participants with advanced and incurable cancer, from 14 countries. Adjusted analyses found better scores for female participants than males on three of the four EORTC QLQ-SWB32 subscales; Relationship with others, Relationship with Someone or Something Greater and Existential plus Global-SWB. Older age was positively associated with better Relationship with Self. Conclusion: The findings from our participants suggest that it might be beneficial if healthcare providers seeking to address patients’ spiritual needs pay particular attention to male patients, younger patients and those with poor emotional functioning.

AB - Objective: The EORTC QOL Group has recently completed the cross-cultural development and validation of a standalone measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) for cancer patients receiving palliative care: the EORTC QLQ-SWB32. The measure includes four scales: Relationships with Others, Relationship with Self, Relationship with Someone or Something Greater, and Existential, plus a Global-SWB item. This paper reports on further research investigating relationships between sex, age and SWB for patients receiving palliative care for cancer—adjusting for other socio-demographic, clinical and function variables, including WHO performance status and EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL emotional and physical function scores. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the validation study were used, and chi-square, independent t tests, Mann–Whitney U tests and multiple regression analyses applied. Results: The study included 451 participants with advanced and incurable cancer, from 14 countries. Adjusted analyses found better scores for female participants than males on three of the four EORTC QLQ-SWB32 subscales; Relationship with others, Relationship with Someone or Something Greater and Existential plus Global-SWB. Older age was positively associated with better Relationship with Self. Conclusion: The findings from our participants suggest that it might be beneficial if healthcare providers seeking to address patients’ spiritual needs pay particular attention to male patients, younger patients and those with poor emotional functioning.

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DO - 10.1111/ecc.13145

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