Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptom severity and sleep problems in adult participants of the Netherlands sleep registry

Suzan W.N. Vogel, Denise Bijlenga, Jeroen S. Benjamins, Aartjan T.F. Beekman, J. J.Sandra Kooij, Eus J.W. Van Someren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background We examined whether current overall attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), inattention, or hyperactivity symptom severities are associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems. Methods N = 942 participants of the Netherlands Sleep Registry filled out online several validated questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to assess the association between (1) current overall ADHD symptom severity and the current presence of sleep problems, (2) current ADHD symptom-severity groups and the persistent history of sleep problems, and (3) current inattention or hyperactivity symptom severities and the current presence of sleep problems. Results (1) Current overall ADHD symptom severity was associated with the odds of suffering from probable obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), insomnia disorder (ID) with predominant difficulties initiating sleep (DIS) and maintaining sleep (DMS), but not with the odds of suffering from narcolepsy or ID with predominant early-morning awakening (EMA). Current overall ADHD symptom severity was also associated with an extreme evening chronotype but not with short sleep. (2) The group with the most severe current ADHD symptoms was more likely to have a history of persistent OSAS, RLS, and ID. (3) The severity of symptoms of hyperactivity, but not of inattention, was specifically associated with probable RLS, PLMD, ID with DIS or DMS, and short sleep. Inattention symptom severity was only related to the probability of being an extreme evening chronotype. Conclusion ADHD severity, especially the severity of hyperactivity, is associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-102
Number of pages9
JournalSleep Medicine
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Cite this

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title = "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptom severity and sleep problems in adult participants of the Netherlands sleep registry",
abstract = "Background We examined whether current overall attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), inattention, or hyperactivity symptom severities are associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems. Methods N = 942 participants of the Netherlands Sleep Registry filled out online several validated questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to assess the association between (1) current overall ADHD symptom severity and the current presence of sleep problems, (2) current ADHD symptom-severity groups and the persistent history of sleep problems, and (3) current inattention or hyperactivity symptom severities and the current presence of sleep problems. Results (1) Current overall ADHD symptom severity was associated with the odds of suffering from probable obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), insomnia disorder (ID) with predominant difficulties initiating sleep (DIS) and maintaining sleep (DMS), but not with the odds of suffering from narcolepsy or ID with predominant early-morning awakening (EMA). Current overall ADHD symptom severity was also associated with an extreme evening chronotype but not with short sleep. (2) The group with the most severe current ADHD symptoms was more likely to have a history of persistent OSAS, RLS, and ID. (3) The severity of symptoms of hyperactivity, but not of inattention, was specifically associated with probable RLS, PLMD, ID with DIS or DMS, and short sleep. Inattention symptom severity was only related to the probability of being an extreme evening chronotype. Conclusion ADHD severity, especially the severity of hyperactivity, is associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems.",
keywords = "Adult ADHD symptoms, Insomnia, Narcolepsy, Obstructive sleep apnea, Periodic limb movement disorder, Restless legs syndrome",
author = "Vogel, {Suzan W.N.} and Denise Bijlenga and Benjamins, {Jeroen S.} and Beekman, {Aartjan T.F.} and Kooij, {J. J.Sandra} and {Van Someren}, {Eus J.W.}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.sleep.2017.09.027",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "94--102",
journal = "Sleep Medicine",
issn = "1389-9457",
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptom severity and sleep problems in adult participants of the Netherlands sleep registry. / Vogel, Suzan W.N.; Bijlenga, Denise; Benjamins, Jeroen S.; Beekman, Aartjan T.F.; Kooij, J. J.Sandra; Van Someren, Eus J.W.

In: Sleep Medicine, Vol. 40, 01.12.2017, p. 94-102.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptom severity and sleep problems in adult participants of the Netherlands sleep registry

AU - Vogel, Suzan W.N.

AU - Bijlenga, Denise

AU - Benjamins, Jeroen S.

AU - Beekman, Aartjan T.F.

AU - Kooij, J. J.Sandra

AU - Van Someren, Eus J.W.

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Background We examined whether current overall attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), inattention, or hyperactivity symptom severities are associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems. Methods N = 942 participants of the Netherlands Sleep Registry filled out online several validated questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to assess the association between (1) current overall ADHD symptom severity and the current presence of sleep problems, (2) current ADHD symptom-severity groups and the persistent history of sleep problems, and (3) current inattention or hyperactivity symptom severities and the current presence of sleep problems. Results (1) Current overall ADHD symptom severity was associated with the odds of suffering from probable obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), insomnia disorder (ID) with predominant difficulties initiating sleep (DIS) and maintaining sleep (DMS), but not with the odds of suffering from narcolepsy or ID with predominant early-morning awakening (EMA). Current overall ADHD symptom severity was also associated with an extreme evening chronotype but not with short sleep. (2) The group with the most severe current ADHD symptoms was more likely to have a history of persistent OSAS, RLS, and ID. (3) The severity of symptoms of hyperactivity, but not of inattention, was specifically associated with probable RLS, PLMD, ID with DIS or DMS, and short sleep. Inattention symptom severity was only related to the probability of being an extreme evening chronotype. Conclusion ADHD severity, especially the severity of hyperactivity, is associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems.

AB - Background We examined whether current overall attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), inattention, or hyperactivity symptom severities are associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems. Methods N = 942 participants of the Netherlands Sleep Registry filled out online several validated questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to assess the association between (1) current overall ADHD symptom severity and the current presence of sleep problems, (2) current ADHD symptom-severity groups and the persistent history of sleep problems, and (3) current inattention or hyperactivity symptom severities and the current presence of sleep problems. Results (1) Current overall ADHD symptom severity was associated with the odds of suffering from probable obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), insomnia disorder (ID) with predominant difficulties initiating sleep (DIS) and maintaining sleep (DMS), but not with the odds of suffering from narcolepsy or ID with predominant early-morning awakening (EMA). Current overall ADHD symptom severity was also associated with an extreme evening chronotype but not with short sleep. (2) The group with the most severe current ADHD symptoms was more likely to have a history of persistent OSAS, RLS, and ID. (3) The severity of symptoms of hyperactivity, but not of inattention, was specifically associated with probable RLS, PLMD, ID with DIS or DMS, and short sleep. Inattention symptom severity was only related to the probability of being an extreme evening chronotype. Conclusion ADHD severity, especially the severity of hyperactivity, is associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems.

KW - Adult ADHD symptoms

KW - Insomnia

KW - Narcolepsy

KW - Obstructive sleep apnea

KW - Periodic limb movement disorder

KW - Restless legs syndrome

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85035761071&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.09.027

DO - 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.09.027

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 94

EP - 102

JO - Sleep Medicine

JF - Sleep Medicine

SN - 1389-9457

ER -