Attitudes toward multiculturalism of immigrants and majority members in the Netherlands

Saskia R.G. Schalk-Soekar*, Fons J.R. van de Vijver, Mariëtte Hoogsteder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The current study examined the perceptions by Dutch natives and four immigrant groups (Surinamers, Antilleans, Turks, and Moroccans) on four topics relevant for the functioning of the Netherlands as a multicultural society: immigrants' feelings of comfort in living in the Netherlands, their perceived discrimination, their cultural maintenance, and Dutch involvement with them. As predicted, Dutch natives estimated the immigrants' view more accurately in a contact domain (perceived discrimination) than in a non-contact domain (feelings of comfort) and the attitude differences between Dutch natives and immigrants were smaller in a contact domain (Dutch involvement) than in a non-contact domain (cultural maintenance). The study also examined the relation between ethnic hierarchy (cultural distance), educational level, and experiences of the ethnic groups. Turks and Moroccans (who occupy a lower position in the Dutch ethnic hierarchy and are less schooled) reported less positive feelings and experiences in the Netherlands than Surinamers and Antilleans (who are higher in the ethnic hierarchy and are better schooled).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-550
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004

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