The detection of antigen-specific T cell responsiveness, particularly of resting memory lymphocytes, in cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) may be hampered by a less than optimal antigen presentation in vitro. Augmented sensitivity of the test system may be achieved by the addition of reagents with a beneficial effect on lymphocyte and antigen-presenting cell (APC) functions. In this study the effect of several biological response modifiers on antigen-specific T cell proliferation was determined, using nickel sulphate and tetanus toxoid as test antigens. IL-1α (100 U/ml), interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) (10 U/ml), and indomethacin (2 μM) were found to significantly enhance nickel-induced proliferation in PBMC cultures from nickel-hypersensitive donors (n = 6). Tetanus-induced proliferation (n = 5) was similarly enhanced, both by the above supplements and by the addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG) or a neuraminidase treatment of the PBMC before culture. The addition to PBMC cultures of a combination of IL-1α (30 U/ml), IFN-γ (10 U/ml), and indomethacin (2 μM) is recommended to specifically enhance antigen-induced lymphoproliferative signals.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1994|