Autistic Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Gender Dysphoria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Studies have shown an increase of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in gender dysphoria (GD). Various hypotheses try to explain this possible co-occurrence (e.g., a role of resistance to change, stereotyped behaviors or prenatal testosterone exposure). This study examined ASD symptoms with the Children’s Social Behavior Questionnaire (CSBQ) in 490 children with GD compared to 2507 typically developing (TD) and 196 children with ASD. CSBQ total scores of the GD sample were in between scores from the TD and ASD sample. The GD sample showed elevated levels of autistic symptomatology on all subdomains, not only on stereotyped and resistance to change. Further, no gender differences and interaction effects were found on the total CSBQ, making a sole role for prenatal testosterone unlikely.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1537-1548
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

Cite this

@article{18f3bf244abe4cf1853cf2b2c82a09ea,
title = "Autistic Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Gender Dysphoria",
abstract = "Studies have shown an increase of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in gender dysphoria (GD). Various hypotheses try to explain this possible co-occurrence (e.g., a role of resistance to change, stereotyped behaviors or prenatal testosterone exposure). This study examined ASD symptoms with the Children’s Social Behavior Questionnaire (CSBQ) in 490 children with GD compared to 2507 typically developing (TD) and 196 children with ASD. CSBQ total scores of the GD sample were in between scores from the TD and ASD sample. The GD sample showed elevated levels of autistic symptomatology on all subdomains, not only on stereotyped and resistance to change. Further, no gender differences and interaction effects were found on the total CSBQ, making a sole role for prenatal testosterone unlikely.",
keywords = "Autism spectrum disorder, Co-occurrence, Comorbidity, Gender dysphoria, Gender identity disorder",
author = "{van der Miesen}, {Anna I.R.} and {de Vries}, {Annelou L.C.} and Steensma, {Thomas D.} and Hartman, {Catharina A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1007/s10803-017-3417-5",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "1537--1548",
journal = "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders",
issn = "0162-3257",
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}

Autistic Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Gender Dysphoria. / van der Miesen, Anna I.R.; de Vries, Annelou L.C.; Steensma, Thomas D.; Hartman, Catharina A.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 48, No. 5, 05.2018, p. 1537-1548.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autistic Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Gender Dysphoria

AU - van der Miesen, Anna I.R.

AU - de Vries, Annelou L.C.

AU - Steensma, Thomas D.

AU - Hartman, Catharina A.

PY - 2018/5

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AB - Studies have shown an increase of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in gender dysphoria (GD). Various hypotheses try to explain this possible co-occurrence (e.g., a role of resistance to change, stereotyped behaviors or prenatal testosterone exposure). This study examined ASD symptoms with the Children’s Social Behavior Questionnaire (CSBQ) in 490 children with GD compared to 2507 typically developing (TD) and 196 children with ASD. CSBQ total scores of the GD sample were in between scores from the TD and ASD sample. The GD sample showed elevated levels of autistic symptomatology on all subdomains, not only on stereotyped and resistance to change. Further, no gender differences and interaction effects were found on the total CSBQ, making a sole role for prenatal testosterone unlikely.

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - Co-occurrence

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Gender dysphoria

KW - Gender identity disorder

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