Behandlungserfahrungen und soziale Unterstützung bei Personen mit Geschlechtsinkongruenz/Geschlechtsdysphorie: Eine ENIGI 5-Jahres-Follow-Up-Studie in drei europäischen Ländern

Andreas Köhler, Inga Becker, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Susanne Cerwenka, Baudewijntje Kreukels, Tim van de Grift, Els Elaut, Gunter Heylens, Timo Ole Nieder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Abstract

Introduction Gender Dysphoria (GD) refers to a distress resulting from an incongruence between the individual's sex characteristics and the experience of their gender (Gender Incongruence, GI). The interaction between medical treatment of GI/GD and social support in the long-term has not been investigated sufficiently so far. Material & Methods Using an online questionnaire, the present study investigated n=117 individuals with GI/GD assigned male and n=52 assigned female at birth that had been referred to one of the specialized clinics of the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence (ENIGI) in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany.They filled out a questionnaire at 2 time points within a follow-up time of 4 to 6 years after clinical entry (between 2007 and 2009). Two hierarchical regression analyses explored the effects of the sex assigned at birth, the treatment progress and social support on mental distress and satisfaction with life at follow-up in the sample. Results A female sex assigned at birth and higher degrees of social support significantly predicted the reduction in mental distress at follow-up. An advanced stage of the individual treatment and higher social support significantly predicted an increase in overall satisfaction with life. Discussion The results illustrate the importance of social support with regard to the outcome of medical treatment of GI/GD.
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)339-347
JournalPSYCHOTHERAPIE PSYCHOSOMATIK MEDIZINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE
Volume69
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

@article{c50bced47d2f4547a2085f1558a5cc79,
title = "Behandlungserfahrungen und soziale Unterst{\"u}tzung bei Personen mit Geschlechtsinkongruenz/Geschlechtsdysphorie: Eine ENIGI 5-Jahres-Follow-Up-Studie in drei europ{\"a}ischen L{\"a}ndern",
abstract = "Introduction Gender Dysphoria (GD) refers to a distress resulting from an incongruence between the individual's sex characteristics and the experience of their gender (Gender Incongruence, GI). The interaction between medical treatment of GI/GD and social support in the long-term has not been investigated sufficiently so far. Material & Methods Using an online questionnaire, the present study investigated n=117 individuals with GI/GD assigned male and n=52 assigned female at birth that had been referred to one of the specialized clinics of the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence (ENIGI) in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany.They filled out a questionnaire at 2 time points within a follow-up time of 4 to 6 years after clinical entry (between 2007 and 2009). Two hierarchical regression analyses explored the effects of the sex assigned at birth, the treatment progress and social support on mental distress and satisfaction with life at follow-up in the sample. Results A female sex assigned at birth and higher degrees of social support significantly predicted the reduction in mental distress at follow-up. An advanced stage of the individual treatment and higher social support significantly predicted an increase in overall satisfaction with life. Discussion The results illustrate the importance of social support with regard to the outcome of medical treatment of GI/GD.",
author = "Andreas K{\"o}hler and Inga Becker and Hertha Richter-Appelt and Susanne Cerwenka and Baudewijntje Kreukels and {van de Grift}, Tim and Els Elaut and Gunter Heylens and Nieder, {Timo Ole}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1055/a-0806-6892",
language = "German",
volume = "69",
pages = "339--347",
journal = "PSYCHOTHERAPIE PSYCHOSOMATIK MEDIZINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE",
issn = "0937-2032",
publisher = "Georg Thieme Verlag",
number = "8",

}

Behandlungserfahrungen und soziale Unterstützung bei Personen mit Geschlechtsinkongruenz/Geschlechtsdysphorie: Eine ENIGI 5-Jahres-Follow-Up-Studie in drei europäischen Ländern. / Köhler, Andreas; Becker, Inga; Richter-Appelt, Hertha; Cerwenka, Susanne; Kreukels, Baudewijntje; van de Grift, Tim; Elaut, Els; Heylens, Gunter; Nieder, Timo Ole.

In: PSYCHOTHERAPIE PSYCHOSOMATIK MEDIZINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE, Vol. 69, No. 8, 2019, p. 339-347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

TY - JOUR

T1 - Behandlungserfahrungen und soziale Unterstützung bei Personen mit Geschlechtsinkongruenz/Geschlechtsdysphorie: Eine ENIGI 5-Jahres-Follow-Up-Studie in drei europäischen Ländern

AU - Köhler, Andreas

AU - Becker, Inga

AU - Richter-Appelt, Hertha

AU - Cerwenka, Susanne

AU - Kreukels, Baudewijntje

AU - van de Grift, Tim

AU - Elaut, Els

AU - Heylens, Gunter

AU - Nieder, Timo Ole

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Introduction Gender Dysphoria (GD) refers to a distress resulting from an incongruence between the individual's sex characteristics and the experience of their gender (Gender Incongruence, GI). The interaction between medical treatment of GI/GD and social support in the long-term has not been investigated sufficiently so far. Material & Methods Using an online questionnaire, the present study investigated n=117 individuals with GI/GD assigned male and n=52 assigned female at birth that had been referred to one of the specialized clinics of the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence (ENIGI) in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany.They filled out a questionnaire at 2 time points within a follow-up time of 4 to 6 years after clinical entry (between 2007 and 2009). Two hierarchical regression analyses explored the effects of the sex assigned at birth, the treatment progress and social support on mental distress and satisfaction with life at follow-up in the sample. Results A female sex assigned at birth and higher degrees of social support significantly predicted the reduction in mental distress at follow-up. An advanced stage of the individual treatment and higher social support significantly predicted an increase in overall satisfaction with life. Discussion The results illustrate the importance of social support with regard to the outcome of medical treatment of GI/GD.

AB - Introduction Gender Dysphoria (GD) refers to a distress resulting from an incongruence between the individual's sex characteristics and the experience of their gender (Gender Incongruence, GI). The interaction between medical treatment of GI/GD and social support in the long-term has not been investigated sufficiently so far. Material & Methods Using an online questionnaire, the present study investigated n=117 individuals with GI/GD assigned male and n=52 assigned female at birth that had been referred to one of the specialized clinics of the European Network for the Investigation of Gender Incongruence (ENIGI) in Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany.They filled out a questionnaire at 2 time points within a follow-up time of 4 to 6 years after clinical entry (between 2007 and 2009). Two hierarchical regression analyses explored the effects of the sex assigned at birth, the treatment progress and social support on mental distress and satisfaction with life at follow-up in the sample. Results A female sex assigned at birth and higher degrees of social support significantly predicted the reduction in mental distress at follow-up. An advanced stage of the individual treatment and higher social support significantly predicted an increase in overall satisfaction with life. Discussion The results illustrate the importance of social support with regard to the outcome of medical treatment of GI/GD.

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UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30641594

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DO - 10.1055/a-0806-6892

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JF - PSYCHOTHERAPIE PSYCHOSOMATIK MEDIZINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE

SN - 0937-2032

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