Betaglycan (TGFBR3) up-regulation correlates with increased TGF-β signaling in Marfan patient fibroblasts in vitro

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Abstract

Background: Marfan syndrome (MFS), a congenital connective tissue disorder leading to aortic aneurysm development, is caused by fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene mutations. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) might play a role in the pathogenesis. It is still a matter of discussion if and how TGF-β up-regulates the intracellular downstream pathway, although TGF-β receptor 3 (TGFBR3 or Betaglycan) is thought to be involved. We aimed to elucidate the role of TGFBR3 protein in TGF-β signaling in Marfan patients. Methods: Dermal fibroblasts of MFS patients with haploinsufficient (HI; n=9) or dominant negative (DN; n=4) FBN1 gene mutations, leading to insufficient or malfunctioning fibrillin-1, respectively, were used. Control cells (n=10) were from healthy volunteers. We quantified TGFBR3 protein expression by immunofluorescence microscopy and gene expression of FBN1, TGFB1, its receptors, and downstream transcriptional target genes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: Betaglycan protein expression in FBN1 mutants pooled was higher than in controls (P=.004) and in DN higher than in HI (P=.015). In DN, significantly higher mRNA expression of FBN1 (P=.014), SMAD7 (P=.019), HSP47 (P=.023), and SERPINE1 (P=.008), but a lower HSPA5 expression (P=.029), was observed than in HI. A pattern of higher expression was noted for TGFB1 (P=.059), FN1 (P=.089), and COL1A1 (P=.089) in DN as compared to HI. TGFBR3 protein expression in cells, both presence in the endoplasmic reticulum and amount of vesicles per cell, correlated positively with TGFB1 mRNA expression (Rs=0.60, P=.017; Rs=0.55, P=.029; respectively). TGFBR3 gene expression did not differ between groups. Conclusion: We demonstrated that activation of TGF-β signaling is higher in patients with a DN than an HI FBN1 gene mutation. Also, TGFBR3 protein expression is increased in the DN group and correlates positively with TGFB1 expression in groups pooled. We suggest that TGFBR3 protein expression is involved in up-regulated TGF-β signaling in MFS patients with a DN FBN1 gene mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-49
JournalCardiovascular Pathology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Cite this

@article{62dc3c8a9eef4a9bb59d7ca6287058ca,
title = "Betaglycan (TGFBR3) up-regulation correlates with increased TGF-β signaling in Marfan patient fibroblasts in vitro",
abstract = "Background: Marfan syndrome (MFS), a congenital connective tissue disorder leading to aortic aneurysm development, is caused by fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene mutations. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) might play a role in the pathogenesis. It is still a matter of discussion if and how TGF-β up-regulates the intracellular downstream pathway, although TGF-β receptor 3 (TGFBR3 or Betaglycan) is thought to be involved. We aimed to elucidate the role of TGFBR3 protein in TGF-β signaling in Marfan patients. Methods: Dermal fibroblasts of MFS patients with haploinsufficient (HI; n=9) or dominant negative (DN; n=4) FBN1 gene mutations, leading to insufficient or malfunctioning fibrillin-1, respectively, were used. Control cells (n=10) were from healthy volunteers. We quantified TGFBR3 protein expression by immunofluorescence microscopy and gene expression of FBN1, TGFB1, its receptors, and downstream transcriptional target genes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: Betaglycan protein expression in FBN1 mutants pooled was higher than in controls (P=.004) and in DN higher than in HI (P=.015). In DN, significantly higher mRNA expression of FBN1 (P=.014), SMAD7 (P=.019), HSP47 (P=.023), and SERPINE1 (P=.008), but a lower HSPA5 expression (P=.029), was observed than in HI. A pattern of higher expression was noted for TGFB1 (P=.059), FN1 (P=.089), and COL1A1 (P=.089) in DN as compared to HI. TGFBR3 protein expression in cells, both presence in the endoplasmic reticulum and amount of vesicles per cell, correlated positively with TGFB1 mRNA expression (Rs=0.60, P=.017; Rs=0.55, P=.029; respectively). TGFBR3 gene expression did not differ between groups. Conclusion: We demonstrated that activation of TGF-β signaling is higher in patients with a DN than an HI FBN1 gene mutation. Also, TGFBR3 protein expression is increased in the DN group and correlates positively with TGFB1 expression in groups pooled. We suggest that TGFBR3 protein expression is involved in up-regulated TGF-β signaling in MFS patients with a DN FBN1 gene mutation.",
keywords = "Betaglycan, Dominant negative mutation, Fibrillin-1, Haploinsufficient mutation, Marfan syndrome, Transforming growth factor beta",
author = "Groeneveld, {Menno Evert} and Natalija Bogunovic and Musters, {Ren{\'e} John Philip} and Tangelder, {Geert Jan} and Gerard Pals and Willem Wisselink and Dimitra Micha and Yeung, {Kak Khee}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.carpath.2017.10.003",
language = "English",
pages = "44--49",
journal = "Cardiovascular Pathology",
issn = "1054-8807",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Betaglycan (TGFBR3) up-regulation correlates with increased TGF-β signaling in Marfan patient fibroblasts in vitro

AU - Groeneveld, Menno Evert

AU - Bogunovic, Natalija

AU - Musters, René John Philip

AU - Tangelder, Geert Jan

AU - Pals, Gerard

AU - Wisselink, Willem

AU - Micha, Dimitra

AU - Yeung, Kak Khee

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - Background: Marfan syndrome (MFS), a congenital connective tissue disorder leading to aortic aneurysm development, is caused by fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene mutations. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) might play a role in the pathogenesis. It is still a matter of discussion if and how TGF-β up-regulates the intracellular downstream pathway, although TGF-β receptor 3 (TGFBR3 or Betaglycan) is thought to be involved. We aimed to elucidate the role of TGFBR3 protein in TGF-β signaling in Marfan patients. Methods: Dermal fibroblasts of MFS patients with haploinsufficient (HI; n=9) or dominant negative (DN; n=4) FBN1 gene mutations, leading to insufficient or malfunctioning fibrillin-1, respectively, were used. Control cells (n=10) were from healthy volunteers. We quantified TGFBR3 protein expression by immunofluorescence microscopy and gene expression of FBN1, TGFB1, its receptors, and downstream transcriptional target genes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: Betaglycan protein expression in FBN1 mutants pooled was higher than in controls (P=.004) and in DN higher than in HI (P=.015). In DN, significantly higher mRNA expression of FBN1 (P=.014), SMAD7 (P=.019), HSP47 (P=.023), and SERPINE1 (P=.008), but a lower HSPA5 expression (P=.029), was observed than in HI. A pattern of higher expression was noted for TGFB1 (P=.059), FN1 (P=.089), and COL1A1 (P=.089) in DN as compared to HI. TGFBR3 protein expression in cells, both presence in the endoplasmic reticulum and amount of vesicles per cell, correlated positively with TGFB1 mRNA expression (Rs=0.60, P=.017; Rs=0.55, P=.029; respectively). TGFBR3 gene expression did not differ between groups. Conclusion: We demonstrated that activation of TGF-β signaling is higher in patients with a DN than an HI FBN1 gene mutation. Also, TGFBR3 protein expression is increased in the DN group and correlates positively with TGFB1 expression in groups pooled. We suggest that TGFBR3 protein expression is involved in up-regulated TGF-β signaling in MFS patients with a DN FBN1 gene mutation.

AB - Background: Marfan syndrome (MFS), a congenital connective tissue disorder leading to aortic aneurysm development, is caused by fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene mutations. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) might play a role in the pathogenesis. It is still a matter of discussion if and how TGF-β up-regulates the intracellular downstream pathway, although TGF-β receptor 3 (TGFBR3 or Betaglycan) is thought to be involved. We aimed to elucidate the role of TGFBR3 protein in TGF-β signaling in Marfan patients. Methods: Dermal fibroblasts of MFS patients with haploinsufficient (HI; n=9) or dominant negative (DN; n=4) FBN1 gene mutations, leading to insufficient or malfunctioning fibrillin-1, respectively, were used. Control cells (n=10) were from healthy volunteers. We quantified TGFBR3 protein expression by immunofluorescence microscopy and gene expression of FBN1, TGFB1, its receptors, and downstream transcriptional target genes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: Betaglycan protein expression in FBN1 mutants pooled was higher than in controls (P=.004) and in DN higher than in HI (P=.015). In DN, significantly higher mRNA expression of FBN1 (P=.014), SMAD7 (P=.019), HSP47 (P=.023), and SERPINE1 (P=.008), but a lower HSPA5 expression (P=.029), was observed than in HI. A pattern of higher expression was noted for TGFB1 (P=.059), FN1 (P=.089), and COL1A1 (P=.089) in DN as compared to HI. TGFBR3 protein expression in cells, both presence in the endoplasmic reticulum and amount of vesicles per cell, correlated positively with TGFB1 mRNA expression (Rs=0.60, P=.017; Rs=0.55, P=.029; respectively). TGFBR3 gene expression did not differ between groups. Conclusion: We demonstrated that activation of TGF-β signaling is higher in patients with a DN than an HI FBN1 gene mutation. Also, TGFBR3 protein expression is increased in the DN group and correlates positively with TGFB1 expression in groups pooled. We suggest that TGFBR3 protein expression is involved in up-regulated TGF-β signaling in MFS patients with a DN FBN1 gene mutation.

KW - Betaglycan

KW - Dominant negative mutation

KW - Fibrillin-1

KW - Haploinsufficient mutation

KW - Marfan syndrome

KW - Transforming growth factor beta

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85035800282&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.carpath.2017.10.003

DO - 10.1016/j.carpath.2017.10.003

M3 - Article

SP - 44

EP - 49

JO - Cardiovascular Pathology

JF - Cardiovascular Pathology

SN - 1054-8807

ER -