Bioelectrical impedance analysis: Clinical tool in assessing total body water and thoracic fluid

P. M.J.M. De Vries*, A. Vonk Noordegraaf, B. J.M. Van der Meer, H. H. Woltjer, J. P.P.M. De Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Bioelectrical impedance analysis forms a non-invasive fool for defection of body fluids. Total body measurement gives total body water (TBW) and, in case of multifrequency analysis, of intra- and extracellular fluid volume. The thoracic approach measures thoracic fluid (TF). The set-up of both techniques is discussed. An overview is given of the clinical usefulness of the total body technique to monitor fluid changes and the process of refill during hemodialysis and to detect dry weight. The simultaneous measurement of TBW and TF was applied to obtain a more detailed picture of the body fluids. In a group of healthy subjects the age dependency of both variables was shown. During hemodialysis TBW and TF showed a major and comparable decrease. Fluid retention during cardiac surgery led to a slightly more pronounced increase of TF than of TBW. The combination of both impedance techniques offers clinicians a means to monitor alterations in fluid status in patients in more detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-699
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume18
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1995

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