Calciprotein particles and serum calcification propensity: Hallmarks of vascular calcifications in patients with chronic kidney disease

Ciprian N. Silaghi*, Tamás Ilyés, Adriana J. van Ballegooijen, Alexandra M. Crăciun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Cardiovascular complications are one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide and are strongly associated with atherosclerosis and vascular calcification (VC). Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a higher prevalence of VC as renal function declines, which will result in increased mortality. Serum calciprotein particles (CPPs) are colloidal nanoparticles that have a prominent role in the initiation and progression of VC. The T50 test is a novel test that measures the conversion of primary to secondary calciprotein particles indicating the tendency of serum to calcify. Therefore, we accomplished a comprehensive review as the first integrated approach to clarify fundamental aspects that influence serum CPP levels and T50, and to explore the effects of CPP and calcification propensity on various chronic disease outcomes. In addition, new topics were raised regarding possible clinical uses of T50 in the assessment of VC, particularly in patients with CKD, including possible opportunities in VC management. The relationships between serum calcification propensity and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality were also addressed. The review is the outcome of a comprehensive search on available literature and could open new directions to control VC.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1287
JournalClinical Chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Cite this