Can an Emoji a Day Keep the Doctor Away? An Explorative Mixed-Methods Feasibility Study to Develop a Self-Help App for Youth With Mental Health Problems

Levi van Dam, Sianne Rietstra, Eva van der Drift, Geert Jan J. M. Stams, Rob van der Mei, Maria Mahfoud, Arne Popma, Eric Schlossberg, Alex Pentland, Todd G. Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Today’s smartphones allow for a wide range of “big data” measurement, for example, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), whereby behaviours are repeatedly assessed within a person’s natural environment. With this type of data, we can better understand – and predict – risk for behavioral and health issues and opportunities for (self-monitoring) interventions. In this mixed-methods feasibility study, through convenience sampling we collected data from 32 participants (aged 16–24) over a period of three months. To gain more insight into the app experiences of youth with mental health problems, we interviewed a subsample of 10 adolescents who received psycthological treatment. The results from this feasibility study indicate that emojis) can be used to identify positive and negative feelings, and individual pattern analyses of emojis may be useful for clinical purposes. While adolescents receiving mental health care are positive about future applications, these findings also highlight some caveats, such as possible drawback of inaccurate representation and incorrect predictions of emotional states. Therefore, at this stage, the app should always be combined with professional counseling. Results from this small pilot study warrant replication with studies of substantially larger sample size.
Original languageEnglish
Article number593
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2019

Cite this

van Dam, Levi ; Rietstra, Sianne ; van der Drift, Eva ; Stams, Geert Jan J. M. ; van der Mei, Rob ; Mahfoud, Maria ; Popma, Arne ; Schlossberg, Eric ; Pentland, Alex ; Reid, Todd G. / Can an Emoji a Day Keep the Doctor Away? An Explorative Mixed-Methods Feasibility Study to Develop a Self-Help App for Youth With Mental Health Problems. In: Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2019 ; Vol. 10.
@article{29b934ea56e54b708ec9fc6ef2913d4e,
title = "Can an Emoji a Day Keep the Doctor Away? An Explorative Mixed-Methods Feasibility Study to Develop a Self-Help App for Youth With Mental Health Problems",
abstract = "Today’s smartphones allow for a wide range of “big data” measurement, for example, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), whereby behaviours are repeatedly assessed within a person’s natural environment. With this type of data, we can better understand – and predict – risk for behavioral and health issues and opportunities for (self-monitoring) interventions. In this mixed-methods feasibility study, through convenience sampling we collected data from 32 participants (aged 16–24) over a period of three months. To gain more insight into the app experiences of youth with mental health problems, we interviewed a subsample of 10 adolescents who received psycthological treatment. The results from this feasibility study indicate that emojis) can be used to identify positive and negative feelings, and individual pattern analyses of emojis may be useful for clinical purposes. While adolescents receiving mental health care are positive about future applications, these findings also highlight some caveats, such as possible drawback of inaccurate representation and incorrect predictions of emotional states. Therefore, at this stage, the app should always be combined with professional counseling. Results from this small pilot study warrant replication with studies of substantially larger sample size.",
author = "{van Dam}, Levi and Sianne Rietstra and {van der Drift}, Eva and Stams, {Geert Jan J. M.} and {van der Mei}, Rob and Maria Mahfoud and Arne Popma and Eric Schlossberg and Alex Pentland and Reid, {Todd G.}",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "23",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00593",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychiatry",
issn = "1664-0640",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

Can an Emoji a Day Keep the Doctor Away? An Explorative Mixed-Methods Feasibility Study to Develop a Self-Help App for Youth With Mental Health Problems. / van Dam, Levi; Rietstra, Sianne; van der Drift, Eva; Stams, Geert Jan J. M.; van der Mei, Rob; Mahfoud, Maria; Popma, Arne; Schlossberg, Eric; Pentland, Alex; Reid, Todd G.

In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, Vol. 10, 593, 23.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can an Emoji a Day Keep the Doctor Away? An Explorative Mixed-Methods Feasibility Study to Develop a Self-Help App for Youth With Mental Health Problems

AU - van Dam, Levi

AU - Rietstra, Sianne

AU - van der Drift, Eva

AU - Stams, Geert Jan J. M.

AU - van der Mei, Rob

AU - Mahfoud, Maria

AU - Popma, Arne

AU - Schlossberg, Eric

AU - Pentland, Alex

AU - Reid, Todd G.

PY - 2019/8/23

Y1 - 2019/8/23

N2 - Today’s smartphones allow for a wide range of “big data” measurement, for example, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), whereby behaviours are repeatedly assessed within a person’s natural environment. With this type of data, we can better understand – and predict – risk for behavioral and health issues and opportunities for (self-monitoring) interventions. In this mixed-methods feasibility study, through convenience sampling we collected data from 32 participants (aged 16–24) over a period of three months. To gain more insight into the app experiences of youth with mental health problems, we interviewed a subsample of 10 adolescents who received psycthological treatment. The results from this feasibility study indicate that emojis) can be used to identify positive and negative feelings, and individual pattern analyses of emojis may be useful for clinical purposes. While adolescents receiving mental health care are positive about future applications, these findings also highlight some caveats, such as possible drawback of inaccurate representation and incorrect predictions of emotional states. Therefore, at this stage, the app should always be combined with professional counseling. Results from this small pilot study warrant replication with studies of substantially larger sample size.

AB - Today’s smartphones allow for a wide range of “big data” measurement, for example, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), whereby behaviours are repeatedly assessed within a person’s natural environment. With this type of data, we can better understand – and predict – risk for behavioral and health issues and opportunities for (self-monitoring) interventions. In this mixed-methods feasibility study, through convenience sampling we collected data from 32 participants (aged 16–24) over a period of three months. To gain more insight into the app experiences of youth with mental health problems, we interviewed a subsample of 10 adolescents who received psycthological treatment. The results from this feasibility study indicate that emojis) can be used to identify positive and negative feelings, and individual pattern analyses of emojis may be useful for clinical purposes. While adolescents receiving mental health care are positive about future applications, these findings also highlight some caveats, such as possible drawback of inaccurate representation and incorrect predictions of emotional states. Therefore, at this stage, the app should always be combined with professional counseling. Results from this small pilot study warrant replication with studies of substantially larger sample size.

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85072737134&origin=inward

UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31507464

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00593

DO - 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00593

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - Frontiers in Psychiatry

JF - Frontiers in Psychiatry

SN - 1664-0640

M1 - 593

ER -