Cancer-induced Expansion and Activation of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) Cells Predispose Mice to Adenoviral-triggered Anaphylactoid-type Reactions

K. Pande, R. Ueda, T. Machemer, M. Sathe, V. Tsai, E. Brin, M.J. Delano, N. van Rooijen, T.K. McClanahan, J.E. Talmadge, L.L. Moldawer, J.R. Phillips, D.M. Laface

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Intravascular delivery (1.5 x 10(9) particles and higher) of recombinant adenovirus (rAd) induces myeloid cell mediated, self-limiting hemodynamic responses in normal mice. However, we observed anaphylactoid-type reactions and exacerbated hemodynamic events following rAd injection in mice bearing malignant 4T1 mammary carcinoma. Because 4T1 tumors induce significant CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid cell expansion and activation, we set to determine whether this causes rAd-induced exaggerated responses. When treated with a single intravenous dose (1 x 10(10) particles) of rAd, mice implanted with 4T1 carcinoma succumbed due to the anaphylactoid-type reactions. In contrast, normal mice and mice implanted with a related mammary carcinoma (66cl4) that does not induce CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) cell expansion, showed minimal responses. Depletion of phagocytic CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) cells prior to rAd delivery protected 4T1 tumor-bearing animals, whereas passive transfer of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) cells from 4T1 tumor-bearing animals was sufficient to convey susceptibility to anaphylactoid-type reactions in normal animals. We further show that there is upregulation of nitric oxide and leukotriene signaling pathways in the 4T1 tumor-induced CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid cells and that pretreating mice with inhibitors of nitric oxide synthetase and leukotrienes can attenuate the anaphylactoid-type reactions. These data show that malignant tumor growth can alter CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid cells, rendering hosts susceptible to anaphylactoid-type reactions upon intravascular treatment with rAd
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)508-515
JournalMolecular Therapy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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