Candidate genetic variants and antidepressant-related fall risk in middle-aged and older adults

A. C. Pronk*, L. J. Seppala, K. Trajanoska, N. Stringa, B. van de Loo, L. C. P. G. M. de Groot, N. M. van Schoor, F. Koskeridis, G. Markozannes, E. Ntzani, A. G. Uitterlinden, F. Rivadeneira, B. H. Stricker, N. van der Velde

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background Antidepressant use has been associated with increased fall risk. Antidepressant-related adverse drug reactions (e.g. orthostatic hypotension) depend partly on genetic variation. We hypothesized that candidate genetic polymorphisms are associated with fall risk in older antidepressant users. Methods The association between antidepressant use and falls was cross-sectionally investigated in a cohort of Dutch older adults by logistic regression analyses. In case of significant interaction product term of antidepressant use and candidate polymorphism, the association between the variant genotype and fall risk was assessed within antidepressant users and the association between antidepressant use and fall risk was investigated stratified per genotype. Secondly, a look-up of the candidate genes was performed in an existing genome-wide association study on drug-related falls in antidepressant users within the UK Biobank. In antidepressant users, genetic associations for our candidate polymorphisms for fall history were investigated. Results In antidepressant users(n = 566), for rs28371725 (CYP2D6*41) fall risk was decreased in TC/variant allele carriers compared to CC/non-variant allele carriers (OR = 0.45, 95% CI 0.26–0.80). Concerning rs1057910 (CYP2C9*3), fall risk was increased in CA/variant allele carriers compared to AA/non-variant allele carriers (OR = 1.95, 95% CI 1.17–3.27). Regarding, rs1045642 (ABCB1), fall risk was increased in AG/variant allele carriers compared to GG/non-variant allele carriers (OR = 1.69, 95% CI 1.07–2.69). Concerning the ABCB1-haplotype (rs1045642/rs1128503), fall risk was increased in AA-AA/variant allele carriers compared to GG-GG/non-variant allele carriers (OR = 1.86, 95% CI 1.05–3.29). In the UK Biobank, in antidepressant users(n = 34,000) T/variant-allele of rs28371725 (CYP2D*41) was associated with increased fall risk (OR = 1.06, 95% CI 1.01–1.12). G/non-variant-allele of rs4244285 (CY2C19*2) was associated with decreased risk (OR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.92–1.00). Conclusion This is the first study showing that certain genetic variants modify antidepressant-related fall risk. The results were not always consistent across the studies and should be validated in a study with a prospective design. However, pharmacogenetics might have value in antidepressant (de)prescribing in falls prevention.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0266590
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number4 April
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022

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