C-type lectins are important receptors expressed by antigen presenting cells that are involved in cellular communications as well as in pathogen uptake. An important C-type lectin family is represented by DC-SIGN and its homologues in human and mouse. Here we have investigated the carbohydrate specificity of cellular mSIGNR1 and compared it with DC-SIGN and L-SIGN. mSIGNR1 has a similar specificity as human DC-SIGN for high mannose-containing ligands present on both cellular and pathogen ligands. However, the DC-SIGN molecules differ in their recognition of Lewis antigens; mSIGNR1 interacts not only with Le(x/y) and Le(a/b) antigens similar to DC-SIGN, but also with sialylated Lex, a ligand for selectins. The differential recognition of Lewis antigens suggests differences between mSIGNR1 and DC-SIGN in the recognition of cellular ligands and pathogens that express Lewis epitopes.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|