Background: Cosmetic dissatisfaction, pain, and chronic discharge may present months till years after enucleation in patients operated because of retinoblastoma. If noninvasive treatment modalities are insufficient, socket reconstruction can be considered. In this study, we discuss the results of dermis-fat exchange to treat these problems. Method: Four patients with late onset post enucleation socket problems with a request for treatment were included in this prospective study. Socket inspection was documented and pictures at baseline and at a follow-up of at least 6 months were taken. To quantify the problem ‘pain’, a VAS score at baseline and at follow up was used. For the problem ‘cosmetic dissatisfaction’ standardized questionnaires were used. Results: Two patients were included because of cosmetic dissatisfaction; one was included with chronic pain and one with chronic discharge. Reconstruction of the socket using autologous dermis-fat insertion was done in all four. In one of them, severe shrinking of the fat developed. This patient was treated with additional injectable fillers. Both of them, ultimately, had satisfactory results. Autologous fat transplantation also solved the problem of chronic discharge and pain in the two other patients. Conclusion: Socket reconstruction by autologous dermis-fat exchange may solve different post enucleation socket problems. However, shrinking of the transplanted fat may occur and require additional procedures.