Catalytically active tissue transglutaminase colocalises with Aβ pathology in Alzheimer's disease mouse models

Micha M M Wilhelmus*, Mieke De Jager, August B. Smit, Rolinka J. Van Der Loo, Benjamin Drukarch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterised by amyloid-beta (Aβ) protein deposition in the brain. Posttranslational modifications in Aβ play an important role in Aβ deposition. Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is an enzyme involved in posttranslational cross-linking of proteins. tTG levels and activity are increased in AD brains, and tTG is associated with Aβ deposits and lesion-associated astrocytes in AD cases. Furthermore, Aβ is a substrate of tTG-catalysed cross-linking. To study the role of tTG in Aβ pathology, we compared tTG distribution and activity in both the APPSWE/PS1ΔE9 and APP23 mice models with human AD. Using immunohistochemistry, we found association of both tTG and in situ active tTG with Aβ plaques and vascular Aβ, in early and late stages of Aβ deposition. In addition, tTG staining colocalised with Aβ-associated reactive astrocytes. Thus, alike human AD cases, tTG was associated with Aβ depositions in these AD models. Although, distribution pattern and spatial overlay of both tTG and its activity with Aβ pathology was substantially different from human AD cases, our findings provide evidence for an early role of tTG in Aβ pathology. Yet, species differences should be taken into account when using these models to study the role of tTG in Aβ pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20569
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2016

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