Cell sensitivity assays: The MTT assay

J. van Meerloo, G.J.L. Kaspers, J. Cloos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

Abstract

The MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay is based on the conversion of MTT into formazan crystals by living cells, which determines mitochondrial activity. Since for most cell populations the total mitochondrial activity is related to the number of viable cells, this assay is broadly used to measure the in vitro cytotoxic effects of drugs on cell lines or primary patient cells. In this chapter the protocol of the assay is described including important considerations relevant for each step of the assay as well as its limitations and possible applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-245
Number of pages9
JournalMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume731
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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