Aims: In previous studies, the histamine-3 receptor antagonist CEP-26401 had a subtle effect on spatial working memory, with the best effect seen at the lowest dose tested (20 μg), and a dose-dependent disruption of sleep. In the current study, 3 low-dose levels of CEP-26401 were compared with modafinil and donepezil. Methods: In this double-blind, placebo- and positive-controlled, randomized, partial 6-way cross-over study, 40 healthy subjects received single doses of placebo, CEP-26401 (5, 25 or 125 μg) or modafinil 200 mg or donepezil 10 mg. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic measurements were performed predose and at designated time points postdose. Results: The main endpoint between-errors of the spatial working memory-10-boxes task only improved for the 125 μg dose of CEP-26401 with a difference of 2.92 (confidence interval [CI] –1.21 to 7.05), 3.24 (CI –1.57 to 8.04) and 7.45 (CI 2.72 to 12.19) for respectively the 5, 25 and 125 μg dose of CEP-26401, −1.65 (CI –0.572 to 1.96) for modafinil and − 3.55 (CI –7.13 to 0.03) for donepezil. CEP-26401 induced an improvement of adaptive tracking, saccadic peak velocity and reaction time during N-back, but a dose-related inhibition of sleep and slight worsening of several cognitive parameters at the highest dose. CEP-26401 significantly changed several subjective visual analogue scales, which was strongest at 25 μg, causing the same energizing and happy feeling as modafinil, but with a more relaxed undertone. Discussion: Of the doses tested, the 25 μg dose of CEP-26401 had the most optimal balance between favourable subjective effects and sleep inhibition. Whether CEP-26401 can have beneficial effects in clinical practice remains to be studied.
Baakman, A. C., Zuiker, R., van Gerven, J. M. A., Gross, N., Yang, R., Fetell, M., ... Spiegelstein, O. (2019). Central nervous system effects of the histamine-3 receptor antagonist CEP-26401, in comparison with modafinil and donepezil, after a single dose in a cross-over study in healthy volunteers. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 85(5), 970-985. https://doi.org/10.1111/bcp.13885