BACKGROUND: As a research tool, cerebral microdialysis might be a useful technique in monitoring the release of cytokines into the extracellular fluid (ECF) following traumatic brain injury (TBI). We established extraction efficiency of Interleukin(IL)-1ss and Interleukin(IL)-6 by an in vitro microdialysis-perfusion system, followed by in vivo determination of the temporal profile of extracellular fluid cytokines after severe TBI in rats.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro experiments using a polyether sulfon (PES) microdialysis probe especially developed for recovery of macromolecules such as cytokines, were carried out to establish the extraction efficiency of IL-1ss and IL-6 from artificial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with defined IL-1ss and IL-6 concentrations. In vivo experiments in which rats were subjected to TBI or sham and microdialysis samples were collected from the parietal lobe for measurement of cytokines.
FINDINGS: The extraction efficiency was maximal 6.05% (range, 5.97-6.13%) at 0.5 microl/min(-1) and decreased at higher flow rates. Both cytokines were detectable in the dialysates. Highest IL-1ss levels were found within 200 min, highest IL-6 concentrations were detected at later intervals (200-400 min). No differences were found between the TBI and control groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Cerebral microdialysis allows measurement of cytokine secretion in the ECF of brain tissue in rats.