Chronic pain and its impact on quality of life in adolescents and their families

Joke A.M. Hunfeld, Christel W Perquin, H J Duivenvoorden, Alice A J M Hazebroek-Kampschreur, Jan Passchier, Lisette W.A. van Suijlekom-Smit, J C van der Wouden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study chronic pain not caused by somatic disease in adolescents and the effect of pain on the quality of life of the adolescents and their families.

METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight youngsters (12-18 years) who had reported chronic pain kept a 3-week diary of their pain and completed a questionnaire on quality of life. Their mothers completed a questionnaire on the impact of their youngster's pain on the family.

RESULTS: The most prevalent pains were limb pain, headache, abdominal, and back pain. The pain increased during the day, with the highest frequency around dinner time and the highest intensity around bedtime. Girls reported more intense and more frequent pain than boys. The higher the intensity and frequency of the pain, the lower the self-reported quality of life of the female or male adolescent, especially regarding psychological functioning (e.g. feeling less at ease), physical status (a greater incidence of other somatic complaints), and functional status (more impediments to leisure and daily activities). Chronic pain also had a negative impact on family life. The mothers reported restrictions, particularly in social life, and problems dealing with the stress of the adolescent's pain.

CONCLUSIONS: Chronic pain, not caused by somatic disease, was present to a higher degree in girls; the pain increased during the day and had a negative impact on quality of life of the adolescents and the family. There is a need for future research aimed at identifying risk factors for chronic pain and pain-associated quality of life in children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-53
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume26
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2001

Cite this

Hunfeld, J. A. M., Perquin, C. W., Duivenvoorden, H. J., Hazebroek-Kampschreur, A. A. J. M., Passchier, J., van Suijlekom-Smit, L. W. A., & van der Wouden, J. C. (2001). Chronic pain and its impact on quality of life in adolescents and their families. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 26(3), 145-53.
Hunfeld, Joke A.M. ; Perquin, Christel W ; Duivenvoorden, H J ; Hazebroek-Kampschreur, Alice A J M ; Passchier, Jan ; van Suijlekom-Smit, Lisette W.A. ; van der Wouden, J C. / Chronic pain and its impact on quality of life in adolescents and their families. In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2001 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 145-53.
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title = "Chronic pain and its impact on quality of life in adolescents and their families",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To study chronic pain not caused by somatic disease in adolescents and the effect of pain on the quality of life of the adolescents and their families.METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight youngsters (12-18 years) who had reported chronic pain kept a 3-week diary of their pain and completed a questionnaire on quality of life. Their mothers completed a questionnaire on the impact of their youngster's pain on the family.RESULTS: The most prevalent pains were limb pain, headache, abdominal, and back pain. The pain increased during the day, with the highest frequency around dinner time and the highest intensity around bedtime. Girls reported more intense and more frequent pain than boys. The higher the intensity and frequency of the pain, the lower the self-reported quality of life of the female or male adolescent, especially regarding psychological functioning (e.g. feeling less at ease), physical status (a greater incidence of other somatic complaints), and functional status (more impediments to leisure and daily activities). Chronic pain also had a negative impact on family life. The mothers reported restrictions, particularly in social life, and problems dealing with the stress of the adolescent's pain.CONCLUSIONS: Chronic pain, not caused by somatic disease, was present to a higher degree in girls; the pain increased during the day and had a negative impact on quality of life of the adolescents and the family. There is a need for future research aimed at identifying risk factors for chronic pain and pain-associated quality of life in children and adolescents.",
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Hunfeld, JAM, Perquin, CW, Duivenvoorden, HJ, Hazebroek-Kampschreur, AAJM, Passchier, J, van Suijlekom-Smit, LWA & van der Wouden, JC 2001, 'Chronic pain and its impact on quality of life in adolescents and their families' Journal of Pediatric Psychology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 145-53.

Chronic pain and its impact on quality of life in adolescents and their families. / Hunfeld, Joke A.M.; Perquin, Christel W; Duivenvoorden, H J; Hazebroek-Kampschreur, Alice A J M; Passchier, Jan; van Suijlekom-Smit, Lisette W.A.; van der Wouden, J C.

In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 3, 22.03.2001, p. 145-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chronic pain and its impact on quality of life in adolescents and their families

AU - Hunfeld, Joke A.M.

AU - Perquin, Christel W

AU - Duivenvoorden, H J

AU - Hazebroek-Kampschreur, Alice A J M

AU - Passchier, Jan

AU - van Suijlekom-Smit, Lisette W.A.

AU - van der Wouden, J C

PY - 2001/3/22

Y1 - 2001/3/22

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study chronic pain not caused by somatic disease in adolescents and the effect of pain on the quality of life of the adolescents and their families.METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight youngsters (12-18 years) who had reported chronic pain kept a 3-week diary of their pain and completed a questionnaire on quality of life. Their mothers completed a questionnaire on the impact of their youngster's pain on the family.RESULTS: The most prevalent pains were limb pain, headache, abdominal, and back pain. The pain increased during the day, with the highest frequency around dinner time and the highest intensity around bedtime. Girls reported more intense and more frequent pain than boys. The higher the intensity and frequency of the pain, the lower the self-reported quality of life of the female or male adolescent, especially regarding psychological functioning (e.g. feeling less at ease), physical status (a greater incidence of other somatic complaints), and functional status (more impediments to leisure and daily activities). Chronic pain also had a negative impact on family life. The mothers reported restrictions, particularly in social life, and problems dealing with the stress of the adolescent's pain.CONCLUSIONS: Chronic pain, not caused by somatic disease, was present to a higher degree in girls; the pain increased during the day and had a negative impact on quality of life of the adolescents and the family. There is a need for future research aimed at identifying risk factors for chronic pain and pain-associated quality of life in children and adolescents.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To study chronic pain not caused by somatic disease in adolescents and the effect of pain on the quality of life of the adolescents and their families.METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight youngsters (12-18 years) who had reported chronic pain kept a 3-week diary of their pain and completed a questionnaire on quality of life. Their mothers completed a questionnaire on the impact of their youngster's pain on the family.RESULTS: The most prevalent pains were limb pain, headache, abdominal, and back pain. The pain increased during the day, with the highest frequency around dinner time and the highest intensity around bedtime. Girls reported more intense and more frequent pain than boys. The higher the intensity and frequency of the pain, the lower the self-reported quality of life of the female or male adolescent, especially regarding psychological functioning (e.g. feeling less at ease), physical status (a greater incidence of other somatic complaints), and functional status (more impediments to leisure and daily activities). Chronic pain also had a negative impact on family life. The mothers reported restrictions, particularly in social life, and problems dealing with the stress of the adolescent's pain.CONCLUSIONS: Chronic pain, not caused by somatic disease, was present to a higher degree in girls; the pain increased during the day and had a negative impact on quality of life of the adolescents and the family. There is a need for future research aimed at identifying risk factors for chronic pain and pain-associated quality of life in children and adolescents.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Child

KW - Chronic Disease

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Linear Models

KW - Male

KW - Netherlands

KW - Nuclear Family/psychology

KW - Pain/physiopathology

KW - Quality of Life

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 145

EP - 153

JO - Journal of Pediatric Psychology

JF - Journal of Pediatric Psychology

SN - 0146-8693

IS - 3

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Hunfeld JAM, Perquin CW, Duivenvoorden HJ, Hazebroek-Kampschreur AAJM, Passchier J, van Suijlekom-Smit LWA et al. Chronic pain and its impact on quality of life in adolescents and their families. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2001 Mar 22;26(3):145-53.