PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past decades, the diagnostic and therapeutic management of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has been revolutionized.
RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in epidemiological knowledge and follow-up studies of pulmonary embolism patients have provided more insight in the incidence and prevalence. Improved diagnostic imaging techniques allow accurate assessment of the location and extend of the thromboembolic burden in the pulmonary artery tree, which is important for the determination of the optimal treatment strategy. Next to the pulmonary endarterectomy, the newly introduced technique percutaneous pulmonary balloon angioplasty and/or P(A)H-targeted medical therapy has been shown to be beneficial in selected patients with CTEPH and might also be of importance in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary vascular disease.
SUMMARY: In this era of a comprehensive approach to CTEPH with different treatment modalities, a multidisciplinary approach guides management decisions leading to optimal treatment and follow-up of patients with CTEPH.