Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disease with diverse clinical symptoms, life-threatening progressive panmyelopathy, and cellular hypersensitivity to cross-linking agents. Currently, 4 genetic subtypes or complementation groups IFA-A through FA-D) have been distinguished among 7 unrelated FA patients. We report the use of genetically marked FA lymphoblastoid cell lines representing each of the 4 presently known complementation groups to classify 13 unrelated FA patients through cell fusion and complementation analysis. Twelve cell lines failed to complement cross-linker sensitivity in fusion hybrids with only 1 of the 4 reference cell lines and could thus be unambiguously classified as FA-A (7 patients), FA-C (4 patients), or FA-D (1 patient). One cell line complemented all 4 reference cell lines and therefore represents a new complementation group, designated FA-E. These results imply that at least 5 genes appear to be involved in a pathway that, when defective, causes bone marrow failure in FA patients.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Sep 1995|