OBJECTIVES: Pediatric high-resolution manometry (HRM) and 24-hour pH-impedance with/without ambulatory manometry (pH-MII+/-mano) tests are generally performed using adult-derived protocols. We aimed to assess the feasibility of these protocols in children, the occurrence of patient-related imperfections and their influence on test interpretability. METHODS: Esophageal function tests performed between 2015 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All tests were subcategorized into uninterpretable or interpretable tests (regardless of occurrence of patient-related imperfections). For HRM, the following patient-related imperfections were scored: patient-related artefacts, multiple swallowing and/or inability to establish baseline characteristics. For pH-MII(+/-mano), incorrect symptom registration and/or premature catheter removal were scored. Results were compared between age-groups (0-3, 4-12, and >12 years). RESULTS: In total 106 HRM, 60 pH-MII, and 23 pH-MII-mano could be fully analyzed. Of these, 94.8% HRM, 91.9% pH-MII, and 95.7% pH-MII-mano were interpretable. Overall, HRM contained imperfections in 78.3% overall and in 8/8 (100%) in the youngest age group, 36/42 (85.7%) in 4 to 12 years and in 37/56 (66.1%) in children above 12 years; P = 0.011. These imperfections led to uninterpretable results in 4 HRM (3.8%), of which 3 were in the youngest age group (3/8, 37.5%). Imperfections were found in 10% of pH-MII and 17.4% of pH-MII-mano. These led to uninterpretable results in 5.0% and 4.3%, respectively. No age-effect was found. CONCLUSIONS: Esophageal function tests in children are interpretable in more than 90% overall. In children under the age of 4 years, all patients had imperfect HRM and 3/8 tests were uninterpretable. HRM in older children and pH-MII+/-mano were interpretable in the vast majority.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2021|